Cherchen Man or Chärchän Man or Ur-David is the modern name given to a mummy found[when?] in the town Cherchen, located in current Xinjiang region of China. The mummy is a member of the group known as Tarim mummies. His naturally-mummified remains were discovered in Tomb 2 at the Zaghunluq cemetery, near the town of Qiemo (Chärchän) in the Taklamakan Desert of north-west China.

Cherchen Man
The Cherchen Man. Tattoos are visible on the side of the face.
MaterialNatural mummy
Created1000 BCE
Present locationXinjiang Museum, China
RegistrationTomb 85QZM 2

Like the rest of the Tarim mummies, he is famous for European-like facial features and clothing.[1][2][3] Other such remains have also been recovered at sites throughout the Tarim Basin, including Qäwrighul, Yanghai, Shengjindian, Shanpula (Sampul), and Qizilchoqa.

Description edit

The mummy is an adult male who is believed to have died around 1000 BC and is likely to have been aged around fifty years at the time of his death.[1][4][2]

His height is estimated at 176–178 cm.[2] His hair was "reddish brown flecked with grey, framing high cheekbones", he had an aquiline "long nose, full lips and a ginger beard", and was wearing "a red twill tunic" and leggings with a pattern resembling tartan.[5][6] Yellow and purple spiral and sun patterns on the mummy's face have been misidentified as tattoos in some sources; they are actually an ochre paint.[1]

Facial tattoos or paint of the Cherchen man.[7][1]

Mummification edit

Like other mummies from the Tarim, Cherchen Man was buried in a tomb made of mud bricks topped with reeds and brush. The Cherchen man and the other female mummy were placed on multiple branches, with small mats underneath them that reduced the moisture in the tomb, adding to their preservation.[1] The Cherchen man also appears to have had a piece of wood holding his legs up in the bent position which would have increased the amount of air circulation, slowing the rate of decomposition.[1]

The Cherchen man and his companions (there were one man and three women in the same tomb, and one baby in the adjacent tomb)[8] were natural mummies meaning that unlike the well known Egyptian mummies, they became mummies from exposure to their ambient environment, as opposed to intentional human practices.

See also edit

Location of Cherchen within the general area of the Tarim Mummies

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kamberi, Dolkun (January 1994). "The three thousand year-old Charchan Man preserved at Zaghunlug" (PDF). Sino-Platonic Papers. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  2. ^ a b c Mallory, J.P.; Mair, Victor H. (2000). The Tarim Mummies. London: Thames & Hudson. p. 191. ISBN 0-500-05101-1.
  3. ^ Anthony, David. "Tracking the Tarim Mummies". Archaeology. 54 (2).
  4. ^ Skinner, Tomás. "The Mummies of Zaghunluq Cemetery: Dress, Appearance and Identity". Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  5. ^ Bernstein, Richard (13 January 1999). "Books of the Times; Silent giants as guides on an ancient thoroughfare". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  6. ^ Eiland, Murray Lee (2007-07-25). "Felting Between East and West". Visual Anthropology. 20 (4): 263–283. doi:10.1080/08949460701424163. ISSN 0894-9468. S2CID 144540499.
  7. ^ Xinjiang Museum notice
  8. ^ a b c Longfellow, Katharine (2013). Threads of the Dead: An Investment in Appearance in Ancient Central Asia (PDF). University of Vermont.

Links edit