Chemical industry in India

The chemical industry of India is a major industry in the Indian economy and as of 2022, contributes 7% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).[1] India is the world's sixth largest producer of chemicals and the third largest in Asia, as of 2022.[2] The value of the Indian chemical industry was estimated at $100 billion dollars in 2019.[3] The chemical industry of India generates employment for five million people.[4] The Indian chemical industry produces 80,000 different chemical products. India was also the third largest producer of plastic in 2019. As of September 2019, the alkali chemical industry produced 71% of all chemicals produced in India.[5] India's chemical industry accounts about 14% of production in Indian industries.[6]

Introduction Edit

The Indian chemical industry mainly produces basic types of chemicals as well as knowledge type chemicals and specialty type chemicals as of 2018.[7] In India, Gujarat was the largest state contributor to the chemical industry of India in 2018.[8] India also produces products related to petrochemicals, fertilizers, paints, varnishes, glass, perfumes, toiletries, pharmaceuticals, etc.

Production Edit

The chemicals industry in India is very diversified and can essentially be classified into 6 categories: bulk chemicals, specialty chemicals, agrochemicals, petrochemicals, polymers and fertilisers.[9]

Basic organic chemicals Edit

The organic chemicals industry is one of the most significant sectors of the chemical industry in the world. It plays a vital role in providing inputs for other industries of paints, adhesives, pharmaceuticals, dyestuffs and intermediates, leather chemicals, pesticides, etc. Methanol, acetic acid, formaldehyde, pyridine, phenol, alkylamines, ethyl acetate, and acetic anhydride are major basic organic chemicals that are produced in India. Six major chemicals are produced in India: methanol, aniline, alkylamines, and its derivatives formaldehyde, acetic acid, and phenol contributing to nearly 2/3 of Indian basic organic chemical industry. The country has several basic organic chemical companies that are among the largest companies globally in their chemical productions. These companies include:

Inorganic chemicals Edit

Chlor-alkali chemicals Edit

In India, chlor-alkali the sector mainly consists of the production of three inorganic chemicals; caustic soda (NaOH), chlorine (Cl
) and soda ash (Na
).[11] Hydrogen is also produced in this industry in small amounts. The chlor-alkali industry inputs are mainly used in soaps and detergents, pulp and paper, textiles, aluminium processing industry for caustic soda and for soda ash in glass, silicate production etc apart from soaps and detergents. In the financial year 2019–2020 of chlor-alkali industry of India over four million metric tons of alkali chemicals were produced. The products that are produced in this industry are soda ash, caustic soda, and liquid chlorine.[12] Tata Chemicals, a diversified Indian chemicals company, is also the world's third largest manufacturer of soda ash.[13]

Speciality chemicals Edit

As of December 2021, the speciality chemicals segment comprised 22% of India's overall chemicals market.[14] In 2019, India's share of the global speciality chemicals market stood at 4%, however India's market share is projected to stand at 5.5% by 2025.[14] India has several niche specialty chemical companies that are among the largest companies globally in their specific niche sectors. These companies include:

References Edit

  1. ^ Awasthi, Anurag (6 September 2022). "In the global semiconductor race, India's chip manufacturing needs to get the 'chemistry' right". The Economic Times. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  2. ^ "Exports of Indian chemicals register growth of 106% in 2021-22 over 2013-14". 27 April 2022. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  3. ^ "Topic: Chemical industry in India". Statista. Archived from the original on 26 May 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Sectors". Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Chemical Industry in India – Indian Chemical Sector Analysis". Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  6. ^ PricewaterhouseCoopers. "Chemicals". PwC. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  7. ^ "India - chemical market share by type 2018". Statista. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  8. ^ "India - chemical industry share by state 2018". Statista. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Chemical Industry, Chemicals Manufacturers and Exporters in India - IBEF". India Brand Equity Foundation. May 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  10. ^ Karim, Abdul (30 December 2019). "Pick of the week: Balaji Amines Ltd" (PDF). HDFC Securities. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  11. ^ "Indian Chlor Alkali Market Size, Share, Trends and Industry Analysis". Orion Market Research.
  12. ^ "India - alkali chemicals production volume 2020". Statista.</text>
  13. ^ Yadavalli, Sai Prabhakar (19 February 2022). "Why you should accumulate Tata Chemicals stock". Business Line. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  14. ^ a b Sharma, Gaurav (20 December 2021). "India's chemical industry will continue on growth path, says JM Financial". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  15. ^ Green, Elizabeth (12 July 2017). "Camlin Fine Sciences Becomes World's Third-Largest Vanillin Producer". Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  16. ^ Shah, Mitesh; Shah, Dhavan; Khandekar, Siddhant (6 July 2021). "Clean Science and Technology Ltd" (PDF). ICICI Direct. p. 4. Retrieved 10 May 2022.
  17. ^ Shah, Mitesh; Shah, Dhavan; Khandekar, Siddhant (15 July 2021). "Tatva Chintan Pharma Chem Ltd" (PDF). ICICI Direct. p. 7. Retrieved 11 May 2022.