Cheerleading in Japan

Cheerleading in Japan as of 2019.02

Cheerleading is a recognized sport in Japan that requires physical strength and athletic ability.[1] Cheerleading is available at the junior high school, high school, collegiate, club, and all-star level. Teams can either be all female or coed featuring males and females.

In Japan the situation is complex with at least 3 cheerleading organizations.

  • Japan Federation for Sport Cheer & Dance (Cheer Japan, 2010).[2] Cheer Japan has recognition from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and SportAccord through the official governing body of cheer the International Cheer Union (ICU[3][4])
  • United Spirit Association Japan (USA Japan, 1988)[5]
  • Universal Cheerleaders Association (UCA Japan, 1987)[6], renamed to Japan Cheerleading Association (JCA) in 1994 and renamed later Foundation of Japan Cheerleading Association (FJCA) is recognized by the JOC and IFC (As of 2019 the IFC no longer has IOC, Sportaccord recognition through the WDSF) [[1]]

Competition guidelinesEdit


FJCA: Competition

Competition routines are held on a 12-meter square mat in which the entire surface can be used. Each team must perform a 2 minutes and 30 seconds routine in which 1 minute and 30 seconds of the routine may contain music. Routines showcase different elements including sideline cheers, pyramids and stunts, dance, and gymnastics. There is also a division for group stunt competition where a group of five participants perform a 60–65 seconds routine of strictly stunts. There is also a division for partner stunt competition that includes one male and one female and one spotter. These routines last around 55–60 seconds and can only incorporate stunting.[7]

HistoryEdit

Cheer Japan: HistoryEdit

  • February 2010: Foundation of the Japan Federation for Sport Cheer & Dance (Cheer Japan)[8]
  • May 9, 2011: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2011<[9]
  • May 11, 2012: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2012
  • May 10, 2013: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2013
  • May 9, 2014: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2014
  • May 18, 2015: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2015
  • May 16, 2016: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2016
  • May 10, 2017: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2017
  • May 10, 2017: ICU Junior World Cheerleading Championships 2017
  • May 9, 2018: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2018
  • May 9, 2018:ICU Junior World Cheerleading Championships 2018
  • May 9, 2019: ICU Cheerleading World Championship 2019
  • May 9, 2019: ICU Junior World Cheerleading Championships 2019

UCA Japan-JCA-FJCA: HistoryEdit

  • June 15, 1987: Universal Cheerleaders Association Japan (UCA国際チアリーダーズ協会 / UCA "International Cheerleaders Association") is founded[10]
  • April 24, 1988: Cheerleading Nation Championship in Japan (1st Japan Championships)
  • July 13, 1988: UCA Japan opens its association office in Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo
  • December 23, 1989: 1st All Japan Student Championships
  • May 5, 1990: 1st International Cheerleading All-Japan Championships
  • August 18, 1990: Japan Championships begin airing by NHK satellite broadcasting
  • January 27, 1991: 1st All Japan High School Championships
  • December 15, 1991: 1st instructor qualification test conducted
  • January 10, 1994: Universal Cheerleaders Association renamed to Japan Cheerleading Association[10]
  • August 22, 1998: International Cheerleading Federation inauguration[citation needed]
  • November 18, 2001: 1st World Championships, women’s Japanese team won the men and women mixed sector
  • February 23, 2003: 1st All Japan club team Championships
  • November 15, 2003: 2nd Cheerleading World Championships, women Japanese team wins the men and women mixed sector
  • November 5, 2005: 3rd World Championship victory for the women’s Japanese team
  • April 21, 2007: 1st Asia International Open Championship
  • November 17, 2007: 4th World Championships, women’s and men and women mixed Japanese teams won
  • November 28, 2009: 5th World Championships, men and women mixed Japanese teams won
  • November 26, 2011: 6th World Championships, men and women mixed Japanese teams won
  • November 23, 2013: 7th World Championships, women’s, men and women mixed, and group stunt teams participate
  • April 1, 2014: Specialized cheerleading unit established in Tokyo High School Athletic Federation[10]

Associations and organizationsEdit

Cheer Japan FJCA USA Japan
Started 2010 1987 1988
Camps Yes Yes Yes
Clinics Yes Yes
Cheer Festival Yes
Coach Training Yes Yes Yes
Judges Yes Yes
Japan Competitions Yes Yes Yes
Asia Competitions Yes Yes
International Competitions WCC (ICU) CWC (IFC) Varsity All Stars*
Japan Recognition ICU (ICU, SA) JOC, IFC
Asia Recognition ACU AFC
International Recognition ICU,IOC,SA,FISU IFC ICU*

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Cheerleading". Foundation of Japan Cheerleading Association. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  2. ^ http://www.jfscheer.org/english.html
  3. ^ http://cheerunion.org/membership/nations/asia/?staff_id=49
  4. ^ http://jfscheer.org/download/letter20151007.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.usa-j.jp/aboutusa
  6. ^ http://www.fjca.jp/organization/contents_01.php
  7. ^ "Competition Rules". Foundation of Japan Cheerleading Association. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  8. ^ http://www.jfscheer.org/english.html
  9. ^ http://www.jfscheer.org/competition/icu.html
  10. ^ a b c "History". Foundation of Japan Cheerleading Association. Retrieved 30 November 2015.