Chassigny (meteorite)

  (Redirected from Chassigny)

Chassigny is a Mars meteorite which fell on October 3, 1815, at approximately 8:00 am, in Chassigny, Haute-Marne, France.[2][3] Chassigny is the meteorite for which the chassignites are named, and gives rise to the "C" in SNCs. Chassigny is an olivine cumulate rock (dunite). It consists almost entirely of olivine with intercumulous pyroxene, feldspar, and oxides. Chassigny was the only known chassignite until NWA2737 was found in the Moroccan Sahara in northwest Africa.[4]

Chassigny meteorite
Chas3.jpg
Thin section of Chassigny under cross-polarized light (JPL)
TypeAchondrite
ClassMartian meteorite
GroupChassignite
Parent bodyMars
CountryFrance
RegionChassigny, Haute-Marne
Coordinates47°43′N 5°23′E / 47.717°N 5.383°E / 47.717; 5.383Coordinates: 47°43′N 5°23′E / 47.717°N 5.383°E / 47.717; 5.383[1]
Fall date1815-10-03
Commons page Related media on Wikimedia Commons
Mars meteorite rock, in Vienna science Museum.

Chassigny is particularly important because, unlike most SNCs, its noble gas composition differs from that in the current Martian atmosphere. These differences are presumably due to its cumulate (mantle-derived) nature.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meteoritical Bulletin Database: Chassigny
  2. ^ Pistollet (1816) The circumstances of the Chassigny meteorite shower. Ann. Chim. Phys. (Paris) v. 1, pg 45-48.
  3. ^ "The Chassigny Meteorite" - From NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, stating it is the only example. URL accessed September 6, 2006.
  4. ^ Beck P., Barret J. A., Gillet P., Franchi I.A., Greenwood R. C., Van De Moortele B., Reyard B., Bohn M. and Cotton J. (2005) The Diderot Meteorite, the second chassignite.Lunar and Planet. Sci. XXXVI, Abstract #1326.
  5. ^ Mars Meteorite Compendium: Chassigny, Compiled by Charles Meyer.