Charumati Maurya (Brahmi: 𑀘𑀸 𑀭𑀼𑀼 𑀫𑀓𑀻), sometimes given as Charumitra,[1][2] was a Princess and daughter of Indian emperor Ashoka The Great through a concubine and the adopted daughter of his wife, Queen Asandhimitra. She was trained in nursing by her. She was married to a Nepalese prince Devapala Kshatriya in Kathmandu.[3] She is credited to have founded the monastery of Chabahil (called Charumati Vihara), which is one of the oldest Buddhist monastery of Nepal. She is believed to have taken care of her father in his last years of life and accompanied him through his Buddhist pilgrimage along with Upagupta.

Charumati
Charumati Stupa Charumati Bihar Dhaju Stupa Chabahil Stupa Chabahil Kathmandu Nepal Rajesh Dhungana(21).jpg
The Charumati Vihara (Chabahil) stupa
Charumati or Little Boudnath, Kathmandu. 1979

While scripture had described her and emperor Ashoka visiting Nepal,[4] no archaeological evidences were present till 2003. In 2003, while restoring Dhando chaitya, archaeologists discovered a brick bearing inscriptions with her name.[5] The upper face is inscribed with Cha Ru Wa Ti in Brahmi, and with Cha Ru Wa Ti Dhande / He Tu Pra Bha in Bhujimol script. The brick measures 35.5cm x 23cm x 7cm and weighs 8.6kg.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BJK Institute of Buddhist & Asian Studies (1996). Bauddha Adhyayana Kī Bhāratīya Patrika, Volume 8. Tara Book Agency. p. 74.
  2. ^ Makhan Jha (1998). India and Nepal: Sacred Centres and Anthropological Researches. M.D. Publications. p. 193. ISBN 9788175330818.
  3. ^ The book, Dhanavajra Vajracharya, Licchavikalin Abhilekha, Kathmandu : Nepal Asiali Adyayan Sansthan, 2030 B.S. p-392
  4. ^ Thingsasian
  5. ^ Kantipur

See alsoEdit