Charles Frederick (MP)
Frederick was the third son of Sir Thomas Frederick, sometime Governor of Fort St David, and his wife Mary Moncrieff, daughter of William Moncrieff and was born on 21 December 1709. He was a younger brother of Sir John Frederick, 4th Baronet. He was educated at Westminster School from 1719 to 1720 and matriculated at New College, Oxford on 19 March 1725. In 1728 he entered Middle Temple. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in May 1733. He undertook a Grand Tour through Italy, Constantinople, the near East and France with his brother John from 1737 to 1739.
Frederick was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for New Shoreham in the 1741 general election and also in 1747. In the 1754 general election he was elected as MP for Queenborough in a contest. He was made a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1761. He was re-elected unopposed for Queenborough in 1761 and 1768 and topped the poll when the seat was contested in 1774. He was returned again for Queenborough unopposed in 1780. He was briefly Father of the House from June 1784.
Frederick was also appointed Clerk of the Deliveries in 1746 and promoted to Surveyor-General of the Ordnance in 1750. In 1782 however, he and his son were both removed from the Board of Ordnance by the then Master-General of the Ordnance, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond. His son, who was Architect of the Ordnance, was succeeded by James Wyatt who went on to build both the Royal Artillery Barracks and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.
Family and legacyEdit
- Saint, A., Guillery, P. (eds.) (2012): Woolwich - Survey of London, Volume 48, Yale Books, London. ISBN 9780300187229 (online text)
- "FREDERICK, Charles (1709-85), of Hammersmith, Mdx". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Oxford: Parker and Co – via Wikisource.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- Saint & Guillery (2012), pp. 146, 148, 328.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for New Shoreham
With: Thomas Brand 1741–47
Robert Bristow 1747–54
| Member of Parliament for Queenborough
With: Sir Peircy Brett 1754–74
Sir Walter Rawlinson 1774–84
John Clater Aldridge
The Earl Nugent
| Father of the House
| Clerk of the Deliveries of the Ordnance
John Staunton Charlton
| Surveyor-General of the Ordnance