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Charles Cutts (January 31, 1769 – January 25, 1846) was an attorney and politician from New Hampshire. Among the offices in which he served were Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, United States Senator and Secretary of the United States Senate.

Charles Cutts
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
June 21, 1810 – June 10, 1813
Preceded byNahum Parker
Succeeded byJeremiah Mason
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
1803–1811
Personal details
Born(1769-01-31)January 31, 1769
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
DiedJanuary 25, 1846(1846-01-25) (aged 76)
Lewinsville, Virginia
Political partyFederalist

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Cutts was born in Portsmouth on January 31, 1769, the son of Samuel Cutts and Anna Holyoke.[1] He was educated in Portsmouth, and attended Harvard University, from which he graduated in 1789.[2] During his college years, Cutts was selected for membership in Phi Beta Kappa.[2] After graduating, Cutts studied law with attorney John Pickering, was admitted to the bar in 1795, and practiced in Portsmouth.[3]

Active in politics as a Federalist, Cutts was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1803 to 1811.[3] He served as Speaker of the House from 1807 to 1809, and again from 1810 to 1811.[3]

U.S. SenatorEdit

In 1810, Cutts was elected to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Nahum Parker, and he served from June 21, 1810 to March 3, 1813.[3] Because Congressional sessions began in December, when the state legislature was not in session, Cutts completed his final New Hampshire House term and term as Speaker, which ended in early 1811. The New Hampshire General Court failed to elect a successor for the term that began on March 4, 1813, so Governor William Plumer appointed Cutts, who served from April 2, 1813 to June 10, 1813, when a successor was elected.[3]

While Cutts served in the Senate, the federal government was concerned with prosecuting the War of 1812 and then beginning the post-war recovery.[4] Cutts was appointed to several select committees concerned with the finance and the economy, foreign trade, and military defense, and frequently served as chairman.[4]

Later lifeEdit

Cutts remained in Washington, D.C. after leaving office.[3] In 1814 he was elected to serve as Secretary of the United States Senate, and he held the position from October 12, 1814 to December 12, 1825.[3] As Secretary, Cutts oversaw preparations for the Senate's move from its temporary downtown quarters in the Patent Office, which had been necessitated by the burning of the US Capitol during the War of 1812 to the hastily erected "Brick Capitol", a building which was located on the site of the current US Supreme Court Building.[4] Following that move, Cutts planned the move of the Senate back into the Capitol, which took place in 1819.[4]

In retirement, Cutts moved to Fairfax County, Virginia, and eventually settled in Lewinsville.[4] He died in Lewinsville on January 25, 1846, and was buried in a private cemetery near Lewinsville.[4]

FamilyEdit

Cutts' mother was the daughter of Edward Holyoke and the sister of Edward Augustus Holyoke.[5]

In 1812, Cutts married Lucy Henry Southall (d. 1868), a descendant of Patrick Henry and the niece of James Monroe's wife Elizabeth.[6] Their children included Stephen (b. 1813), Samuel (b. 1815), and Martha (b. 1817).[6] Another daughter, Priscilla Olive, died as an infant.[7]

Charles Cutts was the cousin of Richard Cutts, who served in Congress from the portion of Massachusetts that later became the state of Maine.[8] Richard Cutts was the husband of Dolley Madison's sister Anna.[8]

Attempts to locate portraitEdit

Cutts is one of approximately 50 former senators for whom the U.S. Senate's photo historian has no likeness on file.[9] Attempts to locate one have proved unsuccessful.[9]

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit

BooksEdit

  • Bell, Charles Henry (1894). The Bench and Bar of New Hampshire. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Company.
  • Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts (1892). Genealogy of the Cutts Family in America. Albany, NY: J. Munsell's Sons.
  • Phi Beta Kappa Society of Massachusetts (1839). A Catalogue of the Fraternity of Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha of Massachusetts. Cambridge, MA: Folson, Wells, and Thurston. p. 8.

InternetEdit

NewspapersEdit

  • "Southall Family of Virginia". Richmond Journal. Richmond, VA. October 9, 1880. Retrieved December 30, 2018 – via Sassytazzy's Online Genealogy Research Library.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Allyne Otis
Secretary of the United States Senate
October 12, 1814 – December 12, 1825
Succeeded by
Walter Lowrie
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Nahum Parker
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from New Hampshire
June 21, 1810 – March 3, 1813
April 2, 1813 – June 10, 1813
Served alongside: Nicholas Gilman
Succeeded by
Jeremiah Mason
Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Bell
Speaker of the
New Hampshire House of Representatives

1807-1809
Succeeded by
George Upham
Preceded by
George Upham
Speaker of the
New Hampshire House of Representatives

1810-1811
Succeeded by
Clement Storer