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Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary

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The Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Chandraprabha, is situated in Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh state in central India. It is well endowed with beautiful picnic spots, dense forests, and scenic waterfalls like Rajdari and Devdari that attract tourists every year to its vicinity. Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary is situated about 70 kilometres from the historic city of Varanasi.

Chandra Prabha Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Chandra Prabha Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Chandra Prabha Sanctuary
Location Chandauli district, Uttar Pradesh,  India
Nearest city Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh,  India
Coordinates 25°42′N 83°16′E / 25.7°N 83.27°E / 25.7; 83.27Coordinates: 25°42′N 83°16′E / 25.7°N 83.27°E / 25.7; 83.27

Contents

HistoryEdit

The area was made a hunting preserve for the rulers of Benares in the second half of the 18th century.[1] The wildlife sanctuary was established in May 1957. Asiatic lions were introduced at Chandra Prabha in 1958. The exercise was successful in the beginning, with the number of lions increasing from three to eleven by 1969. However, the following year the lions were found missing. The plan was again revived in 1993 although the Indian Government is yet to take a decision in this regard.

LocationEdit

Chandra Prabha Sanctuary is spread over an area of 78 km² and lies on the Naugarh and Vijaigarh hillocks on the north slope of the Kaimur Range. The Karamnasha River, a tributary of the Ganges, flows through the sanctuary, as does the Chandraprabha River, a tributary of the Karamnasha.[2]

Flora and faunaEdit

The sanctuary has an area of 78 square kilometres.[3] The sanctuary lies within the Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests ecoregion.[4]

Plant communities include alluvial savanna forest, southern dry mixed decidous forest, dry deciduous scrub and savanna, dry tropical riverine forest, and desert thorn forest and scrub.[5]

Fauna includes leopard, hyena, wolf, wild boar, Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), Chinkara (Gazella gazella), and Chital (Axis axis), and many species of birds.[6][7]

AttractionsEdit

 
Rajdari falls

A variety of wild animals are found at Chandra Prabha. These include blackbucks, chital, sambar, nilgai, wild boar, porcupine and chinkara. The reptilian species include gharial and python.

The park is a bird watcher's paradise, as one can see around 150 species of birds. The natural vegetation consists of mahua, saagun, amaltas, tendu, koraiya, ber etc. In terms of flora, it is a typical dry deciduous forest composed of gneiss and laminated stone.

AccessEdit

Chandra Prabha sanctuary is located just 65 km from the city center of Varanasi. The most convenient way to reach the park is by hiring a taxi and driving down. The journey takes approximately two hours. The nearest rail junction is Varanasi, which is well connected to most parts of India.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India. v. 17, p. 368.
  2. ^ Ilyas, Orus & A Khan, Jamal. (2005). "Habitat Association and Conservation of Ungulates in Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India. Tropical Biodiversity 8(3). 173-185.
  3. ^ Sharad Singh Negi. Handbook of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Biosphere Reserves in India. Indus Publishing, 2002. P. 160.
  4. ^ World Wildlife Fund. "Lower Gangetic plains Moist Deciduous Forests". Accessed 22 November 2017. [1]
  5. ^ Sharad Singh Negi. Handbook of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Biosphere Reserves in India. Indus Publishing, 2002. P. 160.
  6. ^ Sharad Singh Negi. Handbook of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Biosphere Reserves in India. Indus Publishing, 2002. P. 160.
  7. ^ Ilyas, Orus & A Khan, Jamal. (2005). "Habitat Association and Conservation of Ungulates in Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India." Tropical Biodiversity. 8(3). 173-185.