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Chandala (चांडाल) is a Sanskrit word for someone who deals with disposal of corpses, and is a Hindu lower caste, traditionally considered to be untouchable.[1][2]



Varna was a social order in ancient India of division of labour by birth , based on the Vedas. Since the Vedic corpus constitute the earliest literary source, it came to be seen as the origin of society. In this Brahmanical view, varnas were created on a particular occasion . In this ordering of society, and activities were delineated in this context. Varna divides the society into four group.[3]

In modern Indian usage, Chandal is a general derogatory slur used to refer to a filthy, mean or low person.[1][4]

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  1. ^ a b Viswanath, Rupa (2014). The Pariah Problem: Caste, Religion, and the Social in Modern India. Columbia University Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-23116-306-4.
  2. ^ Jha, Ashok Kumar (2013). Meghadutam. PartridgeIndia. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-48289-494-3.
  3. ^ Thapar, Romila (2004). Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300. University of California Press. pp. 63, 511. ISBN 978-0-52024-225-8.
  4. ^ Biswas, A. K. (2000). The Namasudras of Bengal: profile of a persecuted people. Blumoon Books. p. viii. Though he is physically almost practically unknown, save and except in Bengal, calling someone a Chandal is the ultimate insult and humiliation of a Hindu anywhere under the sun.

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