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The Chamber of Deputies (Arabic: مجلس النوابMajlis an-Nuwwāb, French: Chambre des députés) was the lower chamber of the Parliament of Tunisia, the bicameral legislative branch of the government of Tunisia. It has 214 seats and members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. 20% of the seats are reserved for the opposition. Elections are held in the last 30 days of each five-year term. To be eligible for office, one must be a voter with a Tunisian mother or father and be at least 23 years old the day candidacy is announced.[1] The last election to the Chamber of Deputies was held in October 2009.

Chamber of Deputies

مجلس النواب

Majlis an-Nuwwāb
Legislation Hall, Tunis
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Sahbi Karoui (a. i.)
Website
www.chambre-dep.tn

Under the original Tunisian constitution, the Chamber of Deputies theoretically possessed great lawmaking powers, and even had the right to censure the government by a two-thirds majority. In practice, the body was dominated by the Democratic Constitutional Rally (formerly the Neo-Destour Party and Socialist Destour Party) from independence until the 2011 Tunisian revolution. The Neo-Destour won every seat in the Chamber at the first elections in 1959. From then on, Tunisia was effectively a one-party state, even though opposition parties nominally remained legal until 1963. Even after opposition parties were legalized again in 1981, they did not manage to enter the Chamber of Deputies until 1994. Even then, in the five elections held before the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, they never accounted for more than 19 percent of the total seats in the chamber. During the last few years of Ben Ali's tenure, the chamber took an increased role in debating national policy. However, all legislation still originated with the president, and there was little meaningful opposition to presidential decisions.

After the Tunisian Revolution of 2011, the Chamber of Deputies was replaced by the Assembly of the Representatives of the People as Tunisia's legislature.

The 2009 election yielded the following results:

e • d Summary of the 25 October 2009 Tunisian Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties Votes % Seats +/−
Constitutional Democratic Rally 3,754,559 84.59 161 +9
Movement of Socialist Democrats 205,374 4.63 16 +2
Popular Unity Party 150,639 3.39 12 +1
Unionist Democratic Union 113,773 2.56 9 +2
Social Liberal Party 99,468 2.24 8 +6
Green Party for Progress 74,185 1.67 6 +6
Ettajdid Movement 22,206 0.50 2 −1
Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties 5,329 0.12 0
Progressive Democratic Party 1,412 0.03 0
Independent lists 11,552 0.26 0
Valid votes 4,438,497 99.80 214 +25
Blank or invalid votes 8,891 0.20
Total 4,447,388 100.00
Voter turnout 89.40
Electorate 4,974,707
Source: POGAR, ‹See Tfd›(in French) Business News

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dahmène Touchent (August 2005). "A Guide to the Tunisian Legal System". New York University School of Law. Retrieved 3 November 2010.