Chamber of Deputies (Haiti)

The Chamber of Deputies (French: Chambre des Députés; Haitian Creole: Chanm Depite) is the lower house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the Haitian Parliament. The upper house of the Haitian Parliament is the Senate of Haiti. The Chamber has 119 members (previously 99) who are elected by popular vote to four-year terms. There are no term limits for Deputies; they may be re-elected indefinitely.

Chamber of Deputies

Chambre des députés
Chanm Depite
Currently Dissolved
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
National seal of Haiti
Type
Type
Term limits
No limits
History
New session started
14 January 2016
Leadership
President
Vacant
since 13 January 2020[1]
Structure
Seats119
Length of term
Four years[2]
Elections
Two-round system
Last election
2015–16
Next election
Next
Meeting place
Port-au-Prince
Website
http://www.chambredesdeputes.ht/

In March 2015 a new electoral decree stated that the new Chamber of Deputies have 118 members, and the Senate will retain the 30 members.[3] On 13 March, President Michel Martelly issued a decree that split the Cerca La Source in two constituencies, and therefore increasing the number of deputies up to 119.[4]

Elections historyEdit

The first bicameral legislature, created under Alexandre Pétion's 1816 revision to the 1806 constitution, formed the Senate as the upper house and the Chamber of Representatives of the Communes as the lower house. The Chamber, which was first elected on 10 February 1817 and held its first session on 22 April 1817, elected Pierre André as its first president of the chamber. Pétion gave his final public speech in front of the newly-seated chamber, but then suspended the legislature the following year.

Candidates from Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party took 73 of the then 83 seats in the 2000 elections. Following the overthrow of the government in February 2004, an interim government was established. The terms of the Deputies expired during the rule of the interim government and the Chamber remained empty. It was re-established along with the Senate, and elections were scheduled for November 2005. After many delays and missed deadlines, elections were finally held on 21 April 2006. The Deputies commenced meeting in June 2006. The exact makeup of the Chamber remains unknown as the Provisional Electoral Committee (CEP) has not posted the results. The next Chamber elections were scheduled for 2010. There were new parliamentary elections in 2015–16.

Previous compositionEdit

Party Deputies
1st Round 2nd Round Total
Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) 4 22 26
Truth (VERITE) 1 12 13
Konvansyon Inite Demokratik (KID) 0 7 7
Struggling People's Organization (OPL) 0 7 7
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 0 6 6
Haiti in Action (AAA) 2 4 6
Patriotic Unity (INITE PATRIYOTIK) 1 3 4
Alternative League for Haitian Progress and Emancipation (LAPEH) 0 3 3
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (FSDH) 0 3 3
Reseau National Bouclier (BOUCLIER) 0 3 3
Renmen Ayiti 0 2 2
Tet Kole sous Chimen Devlopman pou un Nord'Ouest uni et Renonve (MOSANO) 0 2 2
Consortium National des Partis Politiques Haïtiens

(CONSORTIUM)

0 2 2
Pont 0 1 1
Platfom Pitit Desalin 0 1 1
Parti pour la Libération des Masses et d'Intégration Sociale (PALMIS) 0 1 1
Konbit Travaye Peyizan pou Libere Ayiti (KONTRA PEP LA) 0 1 1
Mouvement National Haïtien (MONHA) 0 1 1
Konsyans Patriotik (KP) 0 1 1
Federalist Party (PF) 0 1 1
Mouvement Action Socialiste (MAS) 0 1 1
Seats that haven't been awarded yet (currently vacant) 27
Total 8 84 119
Sources: [1], [2], [3]

Presidents of the Chamber of DeputiesEdit

Le Président de la Chambre / Prezidan Chanm Depite

Name Took office Left office
Pierre André ? - 1817 1817–?
N.-D. Lafargue[5] ? - July 1820 July 1820–?
Pierre André[6] ? - 1820 1820–?
Doizé Pouponneau ? - November 1821 November 1821–?
Caminero[7] ? - October 1822 1825–?
Beaubrun Ardouin[8] ? - January 1826 January 1826–?
Franco Travieso ? - 1826 1826–?
P. Muzaine[9] ? - 1826 1826–?
M. Duval[10] ? - 1827 1827
Jean Benis[10] 1827 1827
Jacques Depa[10] 1827 1827–?
M. Druilhet[10] ? - 1828 1828
Doizé Pouponneau[10] 1828 1828
D. Villedautant[10][11] 1828 1829–?
E. Legros[10] ? - 1830 1830
Doizé Pouponneau[10] 1830 1830–?
A. Massez[10] ? - 1831 1831–?
J. S. Milscent[10] ? - 1832 1832
G. Malval[10] 1832 1832–?
J. S. Milscent[10][12] ? - September 1833 June 1835–?
Phanor Dupin[13] ? - October 1839 October 1839–?
H.-In. Joseph[6] ? - 1848 1848–?
Brutus de Jean-Simon[14] ? - September 1849 September 1849–?
Brutus de Jean-Simon[6] ? - 1852 1852–?
Jean-François Acloque ? ?
Panayoty[6] ? - 1859 1859–?
V. Lizaire[6] ? - 1860 1860–?
W. Chanlatte[6] ? - September 1860 December 1860–?
R. A. Deslandes[15] ? - July 1862 August 1862–?
P.-N. Valcin[6] ? - 1864 1864–?
P.-N. Valcin[6] ? - 1864 1864–?
T. Chalviré[6] ? - 1870 1870–?
Jeantel Manigat ? - 1870 1870–?
J. Thébaud ? - 1874 1874–?
Hannibal Price 1876 1876
Eugène Margron[16] ? - August 1877 August 1877–?
Hannibal Price[6] ? - 1878 1878–?
Demesvar Delorme[17] ? - 1879 1879–?
Guillaume Manigat[18] ? - October 1880 October 1880–?
François Manigat[19] April 1881 October 1881–?
Edmond Paul ? ?
Ripert Honorat[20] ? - February 1883 February 1883–?
Osman Piquant[6] ? - August 1884 September 1884–?
Ducasse[21] ? - October 1885 October 1885–?
Dorvil Théodore[19] ? - June 1887 June 1887–?
Oswald Durand[22] 1888 1888
M. Stewart
President of the constitutional assembly
? 1889
Pétion Pierre-André[23] ? - September 1891 September 1892–?
M. Stewart[24] ? - September 1893 December 1893–?
J. M. Grandoit[25] ? - July 1894 December 1894–?
Vilbrun Guillaume Sam[26][27] ? - July 1895 – 1896 July 1897–?
Camille Saint-Rémy[28] 1898 1898
Henri Prophète[29] 1899 1900
Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave[30] ? - September 1901 September 1901–?
Stephen Archer[31] ? - February 1904 1906–?
G. Desrosiers[32] 1909 1911
St-Amand Blot ? - 1913 1913–?
Denis Saint-Aude ? - 1914 1914–?
Annulysse André 1915 ?
J. M. Grandoit[33] ? - 1922 1925
Em. J. Thomas[33] 1925 1925
Edmond Montas[33] 1925 1926
Em. J. Thomas[34] 1926 1927
Charles Bouchereau[35] 1927 1928
Antoine C. Sansaricq[36] 1928 1929
F. Robinson[36] 1929 1929–?
Joseph Jolibois 1930 1931
Joseph Loubeau[32][37] 1931 ?
Denis Saint-Aude
President of the constitutional assembly
? - 1932 1933–?
Edg. Pierre-Louis[38] ? 1934
Dumarsais Estimé 1934 1935
Louis S. Zéphirin[39] 1936 1939
Edouard Piou[40] 1939 1940–?
Théophile J. B. Richard ? - 1943 1943–?
Hugues Bourjolly[41] ? - January 1944 January 1944–?
Théophile J. B. Richard ? - 1945 1946–?
Joseph Loubeau[42] ? - 1946 1949
D. Michel 1949 1949–?
Adelphin Telson[43] 4 April 1950 1955–?
Salnave C. Zamor[44] 1956 1956–?
Rameau Estimé[45] ? - 1958 1960–?
Luc F. François[46] ? - 1961 1962–?
Rameau Estimé[47] 1962 1963
Jean M. Julme[48] ? - 1963 1964–?
Ulrick Saint-Louis[49] 1971 ?
Victor Nevers Constant[50] ? - 1977 1981
Jaurès Levêque[51] ? - 1983 1985–?
No legislature 1986 1987
Émile Jonassaint[52]
President of the constitutional assembly
? - March 1987 1988
Jacques Saint-Louis January 1988 June 1988
No legislature June 1988 February 1991
Ernst Pedro Casséus[53] 1991 20 August 1991
Pierre Duly Brutus[54] 20 August 1991 1992
Alexandre Médard[55] 15 January 1992 1993–?
Frantz Robert Mondé[56][55] 13 January 1994 1994
Antoine Joseph[56] October 1994 1994
Pierre Duly Brutus[54] 1994 1995
Fritz Robert Saint Paul[57] 8 November 1995 December 1996–?
Kely Bastien[58] ? - January 1997 January 1998–?
Vasco Thernélan[58] 1998 January 1999–?[59]
Sainvoyis Pascal[60] 28 August 2000 2000
Pierre Paul Cotin[61][62] ? - December 2000 28 February 2002
Rudy Hériveaux[63] 28 February 2002 October 2002–?
Yves Cristalin[64] ? - April 2003 January 2004
No legislature January 2004 May 2006
Pierre Eric Jean-Jacques May 2006 2009
Levaillant Louis Jeune[65] January 2009 2011
Sorel Jacinthe 2011 2012
Jean Tholbert Alèxis 2012 2014
Stevenson Jacques Timoléon 2014 2016
Cholzer Chancy 2016 10 January 2018
Gary Bodeau[66] 10 January 2018 13 January 2020

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA document: "World Factbook".

  • "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 166. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.