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The Senate (French: Sénat) is the upper house of Haiti's bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The lower house of the National Assembly is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of thirty seats, with three members from each of the ten administrative departments. Prior to the creation of the department of Nippes in 2003, there were twenty-seven seats. Senators are elected by popular vote to six-year terms, with one-third elected every two years. There are no term limits for Senators; they may be re-elected indefinitely.

Senate

Sénat
50th Haitian legislature
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
National seal of Haiti
Type
Type
Term limits
No limits
History
FoundedDecember 1806[1]
New session started
14 January 2016
Leadership
President
Structure
Seats30
Haiti Senate.svg
Political groups
  PHTK: 6 seats
  Verite: 3 seats
  KID: 3 seats
  Unity: 1 seat
  KONA: 1 seat
  OPL: 1 seat
  Pitit Desalin: 1 seat
  LIDE: 1 seat
  Pont: 1 seat
  Fanmi Lavalas: 1 seat
  AAA: 1 seat
  Lide: 1 seat
  Vacant: 9 seats
Length of term
Six years
Elections
Absolute majority
Last election
2016–17
Next election
2019
Meeting place
Port-au-Prince
Website
[1]

After the elections of 2000, twenty-six of the then twenty-seven seats were held by Jean-Bertrand Aristide's Fanmi Lavalas party. The Senate was not in session following the overthrow of Aristide's government in February 2004. An interim government was put in place following the rebellion, and the remaining Senators were not recognised during that time. The Senate was re-established and elections were held on 21 April 2006. The next elections were scheduled to occur in 2008, when one-third of the Senate seats was opened.

In 2015, the Senate was reduced to only 10 members and the chamber of deputies was closed because the elections to replace one-third of the senators and all of the deputies in 2013 were delayed indefinitely causing senators and deputies to finish their term in January 2015 without any replacement. This led to a dysfunctional National assembly. In the 2015 parliamentary elections these two-thirds were to be filled with new elected members, completing the 30 senators.[2]

Contents

Latest electionEdit

Haitian parliamentary elections, 2015

Party Senators
1st Round 2nd Round Total
Truth (VERITE) 0 3 3
Konvansyon Inite Demokratik (KID) 0 3 3
Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK) 0 6 6
Struggling People's Organization (OPL) 0 1 1
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 0 1 1
Haiti in Action (AAA) 1 0 1
Pont 0 1 1
Platfom Pitit Desalin 0 1 1
Ligue Dessalinienne (LIDE) 1 0 1
Total 2 12 14
Seats not awarded yet 9
Seats not up in 2015 elections 9
Total seats 30
Sources: [2], [3], [4]

List of Senate PresidentsEdit

Name Took office Left office Party
César Télémaque 31 December 1806 February 1807
Jean-Louis Barlatier March 1807 April 1807
Louis-Auguste Daumec April 1807 May 1807
Théodat Trichet June 1807 1807
Guy Joseph Bonnet 1808 4 March 1808
Gabriel David Troy 4 March 1808 April 1808
Jean-Louis Larose May 1808 June 1808
Pierre Charles Lys July 1808 August 1808
Philippe Bourjolly-Modé September 1808 18 November 1808
Louis-Auguste Daumec 18 November 1808 ?
Jean-Louis Larose ? April 1811
Louis Leroux May 1811 1811
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1812 1812
Jean-Louis Larose 1812 ?
Pierre Charles Lys 1813 1813
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1813 ?
Jean-Louis Larose 1814 1814
Louis Leroux 1814 July 1814
Jean-Louis Larose August 1814 1814
Jean-Auguste Voltaire 1814 December 1814
Jean-Louis Larose December 1814 1815
Pierre Charles Lys 1815 1815
Joseph Neptune 1815 January 1816
Casimir Célestin Panayoty January 1816 1816
Jean-Baptiste Bayard 1816 ?
Pierre Simon 1817 August 1817
Jean-Louis Larose August 1817 ?
Amédé Gayot 1821 ?
Daumec ? - 1825 1825 - ?
P. Rouanez ? - 1826 1826 - ?
Sambour[3] 1827 1827 - ?
F. Dubreuil[3] ? - 1828 1828
Jean-François Lespinasse[3] 1828 1828
B. Audigé[3] 1828 1828
Sambour[3] 1828 1829
Jean-François Lespinasse[3] 1829 1830
Valdes[3] 1830 1830
Eustache Frémont[3] 1830 1831
B. Audigé[3] 1831 1831 - ?
Jh. Georges[3] ? - 1832 1832
B. Audigé[3] 1832 1832 - ?
Bechet[3] ? - 1833 1833 - ?
Jean-Baptiste Bayard ? 1834
Joseph Georges June 1834 July 1834
Noël Vialet July 1834 1835
Charles T. Cupidon 1835 June 1835
Pierre André July 1835 ?
Louis D. Gilles 1836 August 1836
Eustache Frémont September 1836 October 1836
Jean-Pierre Oriol November 1836 ?
Jose Joachim Del Monte 1837 1837
Beaubrun Ardouin 1837 ?
Amédé Gayot 1838 1838
Charles Bazelais 1838 1838
Beaubrun Ardouin 1838 1839
Michel Dupont ? 7 June 1874
Dasny Labonté 1875 ?
Louis Audain 1876 ?
Aristide Flambert 1877 ?
François Hippolyte 1878 July 1878
Darius Denis July 1878 1879
Morin Montasse 1879 ?
Innocent Michel-Pierre 1880 ?
Morin Montasse 1883 1884
Brunis Maignan 1885 1888
Néré Numa 1889 ?
Dr. Massillon A. Aubry 1890 ?
Charles Archin 1891 1891
Dulciné Jean-Louis 1891 ?
Brunis Maignan 1892 1893
Alexis Dérac 1894 ?
Pierre-Antoine Stewart 1895 1896
Cadestin Robert[4] 1897 ?
Vaillant Guillaume 1898 1899
Guillaume[5] ? - 1901 1901 - ?
Pétion Pierre-André ? - 1904 1904 - ?
T. A. Dupiton ? - 1906 1907 - ?
François Paulinus Paulin[5] 1909 1911
Davilmar Theodore 1911 1912
Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave 1913 1914 - ?
Stephen Archer 1915 ?
Paul Laraque 1916 1916
Abolished 1916 1918
Antoine Dubost 1918 1918 - ?
Stephen Archer ? - 1919 1920 - ?
Fouchard Martineau[5][6] ? - 1931 1934 - ?
Louis S. Zéphirin[7] 1935 1940 - ?
Alfred Nemours Auguste[8] 1943 1946
Jean Bélizaire[9] 1946 1949 - ?
Charles Fombrun[10] ? - 1951 1955 - ?
Charles Fombrun 9 April 1956 7 February 1957
Emile Saint-Lot 1957 1957
Hugues Bourjolly[11] 1957 1958 - ?
Antoine Marthold[12] 1959 1961[13]
Abolished 1961[13] January 1988
Louis J. Noisin January 1988 June 1988
No legislature June 1988 February 1991[14]
Déjean Belizaire[15] ? - December 1991 31 January 1993 MNP 28
Firmin Jean-Louis[16] and Thomas Eddy Dupiton 31 January 1993 4 February 1994 FNCD
Bernard Sansaricq 4 February 1994 October 1994
Firmin Jean-Louis[16] October 1994 13 October 1995 FNCD
Edgard Leblanc[17] 13 October 1995 2000 OPL
Yvon Neptune 28 August 2000 14 March 2002 Fanmi Lavalas
Fourel Célestin 27 March 2002 August 2003 Fanmi Lavalas
Yvon Feuillé ? January 2004
No legislature January 2004 May 2006
Joseph Lambert 11 May 2006 2006 Lespwa
Kely Bastien January 2008 2011 Lespwa
Jean Rodolphe Joazile 24 January 2011 9 January 2012 PONT
Simon Dieuseul Desras 9 January 2012 12 January 2015 Lavni
Riché Andris 12 January 2015 14 January 2016 Alternative
Jocelerme Privert 14 January 2016 14 February 2016 INITE
Ronald Larêche 14 February 2016 13 January 2017 VÉRITÉ
Youri Latortue 13 January 2017 9 January 2018 AAA
Joseph Lambert 9 January 2018 17 January 2019 KONA
Carl Murat Cantave 17 January 2019 Incumbent KID

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20150403064014/http://www.leparlementhaitien.info/lesenat/fr/connaissance-du-senat/histoire.html
  2. ^ "Haiti-Référence » 2210.- Le Sénat de la République".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Recueil général des lois & actes du gouvernement d'Haiti". ufdc.ufl.edu.
  4. ^ "Recueil de lois relatives aux biens du domaine national". ufdc.ufl.edu.
  5. ^ a b c Calixte, Nyll F. (19 June 1974). "La Représentation parlementaire de Fort-Liberté (Haïti) de 1930 à 1972". Éditions de l'École – via Google Books.
  6. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/bulletindesloise10hait.pdf
  7. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/719_19400315.pdf
  8. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/237_19450210.pdf
  9. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/049_19470914.pdf
  10. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/341_19550614.pdf
  11. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/056_19580917.pdf
  12. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/108_19591112.pdf
  13. ^ a b Hilton, Ronald (19 June 1963). "Hispanic American Report". Stanford University, Hispanic American Studies – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: HAITI (Sénat), election archives". archive.ipu.org.
  15. ^ http://ciat.bach.anaphore.org/file/misc/264_19911212.pdf
  16. ^ a b Pezzullo, Ralph (19 June 2019). "Plunging Into Haiti: Clinton, Aristide, and the Defeat of Diplomacy". Univ. Press of Mississippi – via Google Books.
  17. ^ http://www.haiti.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/loi_modernisation.pdf

  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

  • "Haiti". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 167. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.