Chamaebatia foliolosa

Chamaebatia foliolosa is a species of aromatic evergreen shrub in the rose family known by the common names mountain misery and bearclover. It is endemic to the mountains of California, where it grows in coniferous forests. The Miwok tribe's name for the plant was kit-kit-dizze.[1] It was used as an herbal remedy for colds, coughs, rheumatism, chicken pox, measles, smallpox and other diseases.[2]

Chamaebatia foliolosa
Chamaebatia foliolosa 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Chamaebatia
Species:
C. foliolosa
Binomial name
Chamaebatia foliolosa

The stems are covered in dark brown bark. The foliage is made up of 3-pinnate leaves, meaning the frondlike leaves are made up of leaflets which in turn are made up of smaller leaflets which are also subdivided. The fernlike leaves are up to 10 centimeters long, frilly in appearance and dotted with sticky glands. The roselike flowers have rounded white petals and yellow centers ringed with many stamens.

The species has been documented as carrying out nitrogen fixation, unusual for a plant in its family.[3]

Black gum from the plant may stick to clothing, and it is highly flammable due to its resin.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bibby, Brian; Aguilar, Dugan (2005). Deeper Than Gold: Indian Life in the Sierra Foothills. Heyday. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-930588-96-0.
  2. ^ http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Chamaebatia+foliolosa
  3. ^ Heisey, Rod M.; Delwiche, C.C.; Virginia, Ross A.; Wrona, Anne F.; Bryan, Barbara A. (1980). "A New Nitrogen-Fixing Non-Legume: Chamaebatia foliolosa (Rosaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 67 (3): 429–431. doi:10.1002/j.1537-2197.1980.tb07669.x. JSTOR 2442354.
  4. ^ Whitney, Stephen (1985). Western Forests (The Audubon Society Nature Guides). New York: Knopf. p. 433. ISBN 0-394-73127-1.

External linksEdit