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It was the official term used in Ireland when it was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, but has been superseded by "rate". The term was formerly particularly applied to local taxation.
In colonial India it was applied, with a qualifying prefix, to any taxation, such as irrigation-cess, educational-cess, and the like. They are collectively referred to as "cesses" in government censuses, e.g. "land revenue and cesses".
In modern India, it refers to a tax earmarked for a particular purpose, such as education.
The term is used by the rubber industry in Thailand to refer to Rubber Export Tax, which funds that country's Office of Rubber Replanting Aid Fund.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 768.
- CESS - Encyclopædia Britannica
- Abbottābād Tahsīl - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 1
- Agriculture Ministry considers applying cess to imported coffee, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Government of Jamaica, February 18, 2014
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