Cesária Évora GCIH (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈzaɾiɐ ˈɛvuɾɐ]; 27 August 1941 – 17 December 2011), more commonly known as Cize, was a Cape Verdean singer-songwriter. She received a Grammy Award in 2004 for her album Voz d'Amor. Nicknamed the "Barefoot Diva" for performing without shoes, she was known as the "Queen of Morna".
|Also known as||Barefoot Diva|
Queen of Morna
|Born||27 August 1941|
Mindelo, Cape Verde
|Died||17 December 2011 (aged 70)|
São Vicente, Cape Verde
Évora began singing as a young woman in bars in her hometown of Mindelo.
Cesária Évora was born on 27 August 1941 in Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde. When she was seven years old her father, Justino da Cruz Évora, who was a part-time musician, died, and at the age of ten she was placed in an orphanage, as her mother Dona Joana could not raise all six children. At the age of 16, she was persuaded by a friend to sing in a sailors' tavern.
She grew up at the house in Mindelo which other singers used from the 1940s to the 1970s, at 35 Rua de Moeda. Other Cape Verdean singers came to the house, including Djô d'Eloy, Bana, Eddy Moreno, Luis Morais and Manuel de Novas (also known as Manuel d'Novas), and it was there she received her musical education.
In the 1960s, she started singing on Portuguese cruise ships stopping at Mindelo and on the local radio. In 1985, at the invitation of Cape Verdean singer Bana, she went to perform in Portugal. In Lisbon she was discovered by the producer José da Silva and invited to record in Paris.
Évora's international success came only in 1988 with the release of her first commercial album La Diva Aux Pieds Nus, recorded in France. Before that album had been released, she recorded her first LP titled "Cesária" in 1987. This album was later released on CD in 1995 as Audiophile Legends. Her 1992 album Miss Perfumado sold over 300,000 copies worldwide. It included one of her most celebrated songs, "Sodade".
In 1994, Bau joined her touring band and two years later, he became her musical director up to September 1999.
Her 1995 album Cesária brought her international success and the first Grammy Award nomination. In 1997, she won the KORA All African Music Awards in three categories, including "Best Artist of West Africa", "Best Album" and "Merit of the Jury". In 2003, her album Voz d'Amor was awarded a Grammy in the World Music category.
In 2006, Évora met with Alberto Zeppieri, an Italian songwriter, journalist and record producer  and agreed to duet with Gianni Morandi, Gigi D'Alessio and Ron. The project, now in its fifth volume, gives visibility and raises funds for the UN World Food Programme, for which Évora was the ambassador from 2003.
Later in 2006, she released her next album Rogamar. It was a success and charted in six European countries including France, Poland and the Netherlands. On her tour in Australia in 2008, she suffered a stroke. In 2009, she released her final album Nha Sentimento which was recorded in Mindelo and Paris by José da Silva. The album reached number 6 in Poland and number 21 in France.
She received her last award at the 2010 Kora All African Music Awards, the "Merit of the Jury" award for the second time.
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Évora dated Eduardo de Jon Xalino when she lived at Rua de Moeda. She was also a relative of the great Bana.
Her cousin was another singer Hermínia da Cruz Fortes. She was an aunt of António da Rocha Évora and Xavier da Cruz.
Awards and honorsEdit
In 2010, Évora performed a series of concerts, the last of which was in Lisbon on 8 May. Two days later, after a heart attack, she underwent surgery at a local hospital in Paris. On the morning of 11 May 2010 she was taken off artificial pulmonary ventilation, and on 16 May she was discharged from the intensive-care unit and transported to a clinic for further treatment. In late September 2011, Évora's agent announced that she was ending her career due to poor health.
On 17 December 2011, aged 70, Évora died in São Vicente, Cape Verde, from respiratory failure and hypertension. A Spanish newspaper reported that 36 hours before her death she was still receiving people – and smoking – in her home in Mindelo, popular for always having its doors open.
- In 2003, she appeared on a Cape Verdean stamp.
- On 3 September 2013 her name was boosted publicly by the Belgian musician Stromae, when he released his album Racine carrée that includes "Ave Cesaria", a track that honours Évora, one of Stromae's favorite artists.
- On 22 December 2014 the Banco de Cabo Verde introduced a new series of banknotes that honor Cape Verdean figures in the fields of literature, music, and politics. Her face was featured in the new 2000 Escudos banknote.
- The awarded feature documentary Tchindas is a tribute to her after her death, and contains several of her songs.
- In December 2016, singer Fantcha launched a new album entitled Nôs Caminhada, in homage to her mentor Évora, including a number of traditional songs (mornas and coladeiras) that had been interpreted by Évora. It also features a very special song, "Nôs Caminhada", remembering the moments spent with the beloved one. The singer considers Évora as her second mom.
- On 27 August 2019, she was honored by a Google Doodle in Canada, and some European, African and Asian nations, on her 78th birthday.
- Citing Évora's influence, American singer and song-writer Madonna performed "Sodade" live at almost every performance of her 2019–20 Madame X Tour, first solo and subsequently with Cape Verdean artist Dino D'Santiago.
- On 8 March 2012 Cesária Évora Airport, Mindelo, Cape Verde's third busiest airport, was named after her. A statue of her was erected at the terminal entrance in the same year, and a mural was also added inside the terminal building.
- On 18 June 2014 a small new street in the 19th Arrondissement of Paris was named after her. It is located near Boulevard Macdonald in the Pont-de-Flandre quarter. Several residential streets across Europe have been named for her. France especially has recently named a few streets after the singer.
- On 19 September 2014 the Seine-Saint-Denis department named a new college in Montreuil after her, located on Rue des Jardins Dufour.
- In 2014 or 2015, a street in the west of the Capeverdean capital of Praia was named for her in Palmarejo Grande near Jean Piaget University. It intersects Avenida Eugenio Paula de Tavares.
- Two species of fauna are named after her: a butterfly in the family Lycaenidae named Chilades evorae which is found on the island of Santo Antão, and a species of sea slug called Aegires evorae, which exists in the northeast part of the island of Sal in the area of Calhetinha.
- Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku; Gates, Henry Louis (2012). Dictionary of African biography. Oxford University Press. pp. 317, 318. ISBN 9780195382075. OCLC 706025122.
- Gregory, Andy (2002). International who's who in popular music (4th ed.). London: Europa Publications Limited. p. 161. ISBN 1857431618. OCLC 49206740.
- Werb, Jessica (24 March 2006). "The Barefoot Diva on her best behaviour". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Hatton, Barry (17 December 2011). "Grammy-winning singer Cesaria Evora dies at age 70". The Washington Times. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Cartwright, Garth (17 December 2011). "Cesária Évora obituary". The Guardian.
- "BBC News – Singer Cesaria Evora dies at the age of 70". BBC News. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
-  Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Lombardini, Emanuele (9 April 2014). "A colloquio con Tinkara Kovac: "Ora l'ESC, poi un album in italiano"" (in Italian). Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- on YouTube
- "Capo Verde terra d'amore". www.capoverde-italia.it. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Cidadãos Estrangeiros Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- "Cesária Évora termina a carreira aos 70" (in Portuguese). Publico.pt. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- Serena, Marc (18 December 2011). "Las últimas palabras de Césaria" [Cesária's last words]. Público (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 December 2011.
- "Timbres émis avec CV007.03". www.wnsstamps.ch (in French). Archived from the original on 10 April 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
- "Stromae : découvrez son nouveau clip Avé Cesaria [Vidéo]". Télé Star (in French). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Gilbert, Andrew (7 June 2007). "Cesaria Evora and Tcheka / Singer who paved the way for other Cape Verdean artists will share the stage with guitarist who's crafted a distinctive sound". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Marsh, Michael (27 August 2019). "Who is Cesária Évora? Google Doodle pays tribute to singer". nechronicle.
- "Five things to know about Cesária Évora". The Independent. 27 August 2019.
- "Cesária Évora's 78th Birthday". 27 August 2019. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
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