The Central Centaur IIA, a.k.a. Central C.F.2a, was a British civil six-passenger joyriding biplane aircraft produced by Central Aircraft Company Limited of London.

Centaur IIA
A Centaur IIA flying over Northolt
Role Biplane airliner
Manufacturer Central Aircraft Company Limited
Designer A A Fletcher
First flight 1919
Primary user Central Aircraft Company Limited
Number built 2

Design and development edit

Following the success of the earlier Centaur IV for joyriding, A.A. Fletcher designed a larger twin-engined aircraft. Designated the Centaur IIB the first aircraft, registered G-EAHR, first flew during July 1919.[1] The fuselage had an open cockpit for the two crew and six passengers. A second example, registered G-EAPC, was built. It had the same designation Centaur IIB but had an enclosed cabin for seven passengers. The second aircraft first flew in May 1920.[1]

The second aircraft was tested by the Air Ministry in the 1920 Commercial Aeroplane Competition.[1] It was described at the time as old-fashioned and low-powered, another problem was that loaded with all the fuel required for the three and half-hour test flight meant it was unable to carry passengers or pilots. The aircraft did not win the competition. The prototype was destroyed in an accident at Northolt Aerodrome in July 1919,[1] shortly after the competition. The second aircraft crashed on the 25 September 1920 at Hayes, Middlesex, with a loss of six lives.[1] No further examples were built.

Aircraft edit

  • Centaur IIA – G-EAHR – open cockpit version for six passengers, destroyed 1919.
  • Centaur IIA – G-EAPC – enclosed cabin version for seven passengers, destroyed 1920.

Operators edit

  United Kingdom
  • Central Aircraft Company Limited

Specifications (Centaur IIA) edit

Data from ,[2] British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 6–9 pax
  • Length: 39 ft 3 in (11.96 m)
  • Wingspan: 63 ft 6 in (19.35 m)
  • Width: 27 ft (8.2 m) wings folded
  • Height: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m)
  • Empty weight: 3,850 lb (1,746 kg)
  • Gross weight: 5,850 lb (2,654 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,250 lb (3,289 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Beardmore 160 hp 6-cyl. in-line piston engines, 160 hp (120 kW) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden fixed pitch propellers


  • Maximum speed: 90 mph (140 km/h, 78 kn)
  • Stall speed: 40 mph (64 km/h, 35 kn)
  • Wing loading: 6.6 lb/sq ft (32 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.06 hp/lb (0.098 kW/kg)
  • Fuel consumption: 25 imp gal/h (30 gal/h; 110 L/h)
  • Oil consumption: 2 imp gal/h (2.4 gal/h; 9.1 L/h)

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Jackson, A.J. (1974). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 Volume 1. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
  2. ^ "The Central Aircraft Co.'s 9-Seater Biplane". Flight. XI (39): 1285–1289. 25 September 1919. No. 561. Retrieved 13 January 2011.

Further reading edit

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing.