Weatherhead Center for International Affairs

The Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (WCFIA), formerly Center for International Affairs (CFIA) is a research center for international affairs and the largest international research center within Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences.[1][2] It is sometimes referred to as the Harvard Center for International Affairs.[3]

The CGIS Knafel building

History edit

The Center for International Affairs was founded in 1958 by Robert R. Bowie and Henry Kissinger, assuming its current name in 1998 following an endowment by Albert and Celia Weatherhead and the Weatherhead Foundation.[1]

In 1970, a bomb was detonated in the Semitic Museum, which the center was located in at that time, due to the center's connection to Henry Kissinger and its research activities.[4][5]

Program on Nonviolent Sanctions edit

In 1983 the center launched a research division known as the Program on Nonviolent Sanctions in Conflict and Defense (aka Program on Nonviolent Sanctions, or PNS[6]), which operated as a research division under the framework and policies of the center. Its focus was the use of nonviolent sanctions as a substitute for violent interventions.[7] It was founded by Gene Sharp,[6] who also founded the independent non-profit Albert Einstein Institution (AEI) a few months later. PNS provided grants or fellowships for scholars in residence, as well as conducting seminars and conferences. For the first few years, the Program lobbied for its own funding, as well as obtaining some funding from the AEI; after 1987 policy changes were made to reduce confusion and the AEI became solely responsible for raising the funds to support the CFIA Program as well as its own activities.[7]

Some years after Sharp's tenure as director, in 1995 PNS merged with Cultural Survival, a human rights non-profit at Harvard, creating the Program on Nonviolent Sanctions and Cultural Survival (PONSACS). PONSACS operated for ten years before closing in 2005.[6]

Aims edit

The aim of the center is to confront the world's problems, as diagnosed by its founders in their specification of The Program of the Center for International Affairs (Bowie and Kissinger, 1958):[1]

Foreign affairs in our era pose unprecedented tasks…Today no region is isolated; none can be ignored; actions and events even in remote places may have immediate worldwide impact…vast forces are reshaping the world with headlong speed. Under the impact of wars, nationalism, technology, and communism, the old order has been shattered. Empires have crumbled; nations once dominant are forced to adapt to shrunken influence. New nations have emerged and are struggling to survive…Nowhere do traditional attitudes fit the new realities…Thus notions of sovereignty and independence need revision to apply to a world where a nation's level of life or survival may depend as much on the actions of other countries as on its own…

Description edit

The center is the located within Harvard University's Center for Government and International Studies.[8] Every year, it hosts approximately fifteen Fellows, at least three of whom are from the three major branches of the United States Armed Forces.[9]

Since 2021, the center has been directed by Melani Cammett.[10] Past directors include Robert R. Bowie (1957–1972), Raymond Vernon (1973–1978), Samuel P. Huntington (1978–1989), Joseph Nye (1989–1992), Robert D. Putnam (1993–1996), Jorge I. Domínguez (1996–2006), Beth A. Simmons (2006–2013), and Michèle Lamont (2015–2021).[11] Simmons served as the center's first female director.[12]

Current and former scholars edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Wiarda, Howard J. (2010). Harvard and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (WCFIA). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 31–45. ISBN 978-0-7391-3585-3.
  2. ^ "Harvard and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (WCFIA): Foreign Policy Research Center and Incubator of Presidential Advisors". Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Research Catalog". New York Public Library. Catalog entry for The United States and West Germany, 1945-1973: A study in alliance politics, by Roger Morgan. Retrieved 25 April 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Swett, William C.; Wallace, Michael D. (2019-03-19). "The Story of the Story of the Semitic Museum Bombing". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  5. ^ Times, Robert Reinhold Special to The New York (1970-10-15). "Harvard Bomb Blast Damages Center for International Affairs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  6. ^ a b c "In Memoriam: Gene Sharp, 1928–2018". Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b The First Five Years: 1983–1988 and Plans for the Future: President's report (PDF) (Report). The Albert Einstein Institution. 1988. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  8. ^ "About the Center | Weatherhead Center for International Affairs". Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  9. ^ "WCFIA Fellows Program | Weatherhead Center for International Affairs". Retrieved 2013-09-06.
  10. ^ "About the Director". Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  11. ^ "Past Directors". Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  12. ^ "Simmons To Direct Weatherhead | News | The Harvard Crimson". Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  13. ^ "People | Weatherhead Center for International Affairs". Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  14. ^ "Centerpiece: Newsletter of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs at Harvard University". Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  15. ^ "WCFIA FELLOWS ALUMNI REUNION AND CONFERENCE, April 18-20, 2013; Searching for Balance in an Unstable World" (PDF). Harvard University.
  16. ^ "In Memoriam: Samuel P. Huntington". Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  17. ^ "Centerpiece: The Newsletter of the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs" (PDF). Fall 2005.

Further reading edit

  • Wiarda, Howard J. (2010). Harvard and the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs (WCFIA): Foreign Policy Research Center and Incubator of Presidential Advisors. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7391-3585-3.

External links edit