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Carlos da Silva Costa (born November 3, 1949 in Oliveira de Azeméis) is a Portuguese economist and the current governor of the Bank of Portugal since June 7, 2010.[1]

Carlos Costa
Carlos Costa, Governor, Banco de Portugal.JPG
Governor of the Bank of Portugal
Assumed office
7 June 2010
Preceded byVítor Constâncio
Personal details
Born (1949-11-03) 3 November 1949 (age 69)
Oliveira de Azeméis, Portugal
Alma materUniversity of Porto


Carlos Costa started his career in 1973 as a lecturer in economics at the University of Porto and graduated there.[2] Following his graduation he continued his studies at Sorbonne[3] and then in 1981 went to the former Banco Português do Atlântico, now Banco Comercial Português (BCP), research department. As a senior attaché in the Portuguese Permanent Representation to the EU and a member of the EU’s economic policy committee from 1986 to 1992, he was engaged in European integration before becoming chief of staff of the Portuguese European Commissioner João de Deus Pinheiro from 1993 to 1999.[4]

Prior to his appointment to the European Investment Bank, Costa had positions on the board of directors at Caixa Geral de Aposentações, a bank for pension funds, Banco Nacional Ultramarino and Itaú Unibanco holdings.

European Investment Bank, 2006–2010Edit

In 2006 Costa became vice president of the European Investment Bank under the leadership of president Philippe Maystadt.[5] He was responsible for the banks' funding financing operations in Spain, Portugal, Belgium and Luxembourg, as well as in Asia and South America. He was also a member of the Committee of European Securities Regulators.[6]

Banco de Portugal, 2010–presentEdit

On 22 April 2010 Costa was nominated for a five-year-term by the Portuguese government, recommended by the Finance minister Teixeira dos Santos. He replaced Vítor Constâncio, who became vice president of the European Central Bank on June 1, 2010.

In this capacity, Costa also holds the following positions:


In early 2016, Prime Minister António Costa caused controversy by attacking Costa and the central bank for being “irresponsible” by “dragging out” a decision over compensation claimed by commercial paper investors hit by the collapse in 2014 of Banco Espírito Santo (BES). The Left Bloc (BE) and the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) openly called for Costa to resign. The attacks triggered a political storm over what the centre-right opposition described as a “shameful” attempt to interfere in the regulator’s independence.[9]


  1. ^ Banco de Portugal: Address by Governor Carlos da Silva Costa at the Centro Português de Estudos Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  2. ^ Biography at Banco de Portugal website Archived 2010-03-02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved July 17, 2011
  3. ^ "Profile-Bank of Portugal Governor Carlos Costa". Reuters. August 24, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
  4. ^ In the Portuguese hot seat European Voice, April 28, 2010.
  5. ^ Carlos Costa nominated for Bank of Portugal chief Reuters, April 22, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
  6. ^ In the Portuguese hot seat European Voice, April 28, 2010.
  7. ^ Governing Council European Central Bank (ECB).
  8. ^ Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  9. ^ Peter Wise (February 19, 2016), Political storm hits Portugal’s central bank chief Carlos Costa Financial Times.

External linksEdit