Vítor Manuel Ribeiro Constâncio, GCC, GCIH (born 12 October 1943) is a Portuguese economist who served as Vice President of the European Central Bank from June 2010 until May 2018. He served as Governor of the Bank of Portugal from 2000 to 2010.
|Vice President of the European Central Bank|
1 June 2010 – 31 May 2018
|Preceded by||Lucas Papademos|
|Succeeded by||Luis de Guindos|
|Governor of the Bank of Portugal|
9 February 2000 – 31 May 2010
|Preceded by||António de Sousa|
|Succeeded by||Carlos Costa|
|Secretary-General of the Socialist Party|
29 June 1986 – 15 January 1989
|Preceded by||Mário Soares|
|Succeeded by||Jorge Sampaio|
|Leader of the Opposition|
29 June 1986 – 6 November 1988
|Prime Minister||Aníbal Cavaco Silva|
|Preceded by||António Macedo|
|Succeeded by||Jorge Sampaio|
|Minister of Finance and Planning|
30 January 1978 – 29 August 1978
|Prime Minister||Mário Soares|
|Preceded by||Henrique Medina Carreira (Finance)|
António Sousa Gomes (Planning and Economic Coordination)
|Succeeded by||José da Silva Lopes|
Vítor Manuel Ribeiro Constâncio
12 October 1943
|Education||University of Lisbon|
Constâncio graduated in economics from the University of Lisbon, and obtained a master at the University of Bristol.
Constâncio was Secretary of State for Planning in the I and II Provisional Government of Portugal from 1974 to 1975, and Secretary of State for Budget and Planning in 1976 in the IV Provisional Government. He then became Minister of Finance from January to August 1978 in the II Constitutional Government of Portugal, and is therefore until now the youngest Portuguese Finance Minister since the revolution.
Constâncio was secretary-general of the Socialist Party from 1986 to 1989. He lost the legislative elections of 19 July 1987, but remained in office. He resigned the following year, being replaced by Jorge Sampaio.
Constâncio was governor of the Banco de Portugal, the Portuguese central bank, for the first time in 1985–86, having been appointed vice-governor in 1977, in 1979, and in the period from 1981 to 1984.
From 1993 to 1994, Constâncio served as chairman of Lisboa 94, the entity in charge of organizing the commemorative events of Lisbon as European Capital of Culture.
Between 1995 and 1999, Constâncio was a member of the Portuguese Council of State. During the same period, he served as Member of the Board (Executive Director) of Banco Português de Investimento (BPI), a leading private Portuguese banking group, with responsibility for Budget, Accounting and Control of Financial Market Risks. In this capacity, he represented BPI as non-executive member of the board of Portugal Telecom and subsequently as non-executive member of the Board of Energias de Portugal.
Constâncio served once more as governor of the Banco de Portugal from 2000 to 2010, having been re-appointed in 2006. Under his presidency the Bank of Portugal spent one third of its original holdings of 600 tons of gold to 400 tons, approximately.
While in office, he advocated salaries stagnation or increases below inflation, as a way to increase the Portuguese economy's competitiveness. In 2005, Constâncio enraged right-wing politicians when he reviewed the previous conservative government's figures and revised the deficit up from around 3% to 6.8%. Two Portuguese banks (Banco Português de Negócios (BPN) and Banco Privado Português (BPP) had been accumulating losses for years due to bad investments, embezzlement and accounting fraud. The Portuguese Central Bank, led by Constâncio, was criticized for having allowed this situation for years.
European Central Bank, 2010–2018Edit
Constâncio was first mentioned as a potential vice president of the European Central Bank in 2002, to replace Christian Noyer. At the time, he cited family reasons for refusing to run for the post.
Constâncio was eventually appointed vice president of European Central Bank in 2010, for an eight-year mandate. At the time, he was chosen by Eurozone finance ministers ahead of Peter Praet, director of the National Bank of Belgium, and Yves Mersch, the governor of the Bank of Luxembourg, to replace Lucas Papademos of Greece. During his time at the ECB, he developed a reputation as an inflation dove who often emphasised the need for economic growth.
Shortly after, on 6 April 2011, the Portuguese Government, facing increasing difficulties in securing its financing needs in the international financial markets, formally requested international financial assistance leading to a €78 billion program with equal participation of the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, European Financial Stability Facility and International Monetary Fund.
- "Vítor Manuel Ribeiro Constâncio". Bank of Portugal. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
- Portugal: as más vendas de ouro. informacaoincorrecta.blogspot.pt, retrieved 25 May 2015
- Luís Rego (24 February 2010), Political banker European Voice.
- "2010" (PDF). Diário Económico. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- Jim Brunsden (15 February 2010), Portugal wins vice-presidency of ECB European Voice.
- Marc Jones (January 2, 2012), Factbox - ECB Governing Council: Who's Who Reuters.
- Distinguished Fellows Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
- Advisory Board Banco de Portugal.
|Party political offices|
| Secretary General of the Socialist Party
António de Sousa
| Governor of the Bank of Portugal
| Vice President of the European Central Bank
Luis de Guindos