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Captain Carleton Main Clement MC (15 May 1896  –19 August 1917) was a Canadian First World War flying ace officially credited with 14 victories despite being handicapped by flying an obsolete plane.

Carleton Main Clement
Born15 May 1896
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Died19 August 1917
Near Langemarck
Buried
Arras Flying Services Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
AllegianceKing George V of the British Empire[1]
Service/branchRoyal Flying Corps
RankCaptain
UnitNo. 22 Squadron RFC
AwardsMilitary Cross, Croix de Guerre

Contents

Early life and serviceEdit

Clement attended Victoria College, Toronto University before serving as a private in the 47th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.[2] His enlistment form of 17 June 1915 gives his next of kin as W. H. P. Clement, and claims that Clement had previously served as a commissioned officer in the "B. C. Horse". He was half an inch shy of six feet tall, with fair hair and complexion and blue eyes.[3]

Aerial serviceEdit

He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, being commissioned in March 1916. His assignment to 22 Squadron had him piloting the outmoded Royal Aircraft Factory FE.2b, with observers such as Llewelyn Davies manning the front guns. Between 4 December 1916 and 5 June 1917, he flew this obsolescent model to victory over eight different German Albatros fighters, sometimes teaming with such other aces as Gerald Gordon Bell, and earning the MC in the process. Towards the end of this run, he downed German ace Kurt Schneider;[4] Schneider would suffer with an infected thigh wound until succumbing on 14 July.[5]

Clement then switched to piloting Bristol F.2 Fighters. He and Davies set a reconnaissance plane afire on 29 July 1917. Clement scored again on 10 August. Then, two days later, he set an Albatros D.V afire, drove another down out of control, and teamed with other pilots to drive two more D.Vs down out of control.[6]

Death in actionEdit

On 19 August, Clement was shot down and killed by antiaircraft fire from Flakzug 99. Hugh Trenchard himself sent a telegram of regret to 22 Squadron.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  • Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920 Christopher F. Shores, Norman L. R. Franks, Russell Guest. Grub Street, 1990. ISBN 0-948817-19-4, ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.
  • Pusher Aces of World War 1 Jon Guttman, Harry Dempsey. Osprey Pub Co, 2009. ISBN 1-84603-417-5, ISBN 978-1-84603-417-6.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Canadian airmen were required to complete an Attestation Paper in which they declared an oath of allegiance to King George the Fifth and agreed to serve in any arm of the service for the duration of the war between Great Britain and Germany. aerodrome.com
  2. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. pp. 108–109.
  3. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/canada/attestation/clement.php Retrieved on 3 August 2010.
  4. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. pp. 108–109.
  5. ^ Pusher Aces of World War 1. p. 80.
  6. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. pp. 108–109.
  7. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. pp. 108–109.

WebsitesEdit

"WWI Aces of Canada:Carleton Clement". www.theaerodrome.com. Retrieved 18 July 2008.