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Carin Axelina Hulda Göring (née Fock; formerly Countess von Kantzow; 21 October 1888 – 17 October 1931) was the Swedish first wife of Hermann Göring.
Carin Axelina Hulda Fock
21 October 1888
|Died||17 October 1931 (aged 42)|
|Resting place||Lovö Kyrka, Lovön, Sweden|
|Other names||Countess Carin von Kantzow|
Nils von Kantzow
(m. 1910; div. 1922)
|Children||Thomas von Kantzow|
|Relatives||Mary von Rosen (sister)|
She was born in Stockholm in 1888. Her father, Baron Carl Alexander Fock, was a Swedish Army colonel. The Fock family were of Baltic-German origin, which had emigrated from Westphalia to the Duchy of Estonia, then part of Sweden, in the 17th century, and matriculated into the Swedish nobility. Her paternal great-grandfather was the Swedish zoologist Bengt Fredrik Fries. Her mother, whose name was Huldine Beamish, was born in 1860 into an Irish family famous for brewing Beamish and Crawford stout in Cork. Her great-great-grandfather, William Beamish, was one of the founders of Beamish and Crawford, and her grandfather had served in Britain's Coldstream Guards. Carin's maternal grandmother, Hulda Elisabet Consantia Mosander, who was of Swedish origin, daughter of professor of chemistry Carl Gustaf Mosander, had founded a private religious sisterhood, the Edelweiss Society. She was the fourth of five daughters; her sisters were Fanny von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff (1882–1956), Mary von Rosen (1886–1967), Elsa, and Lily. Mary was married to Count Eric von Rosen (1879–1948), one of the founding members of the Nationalsocialistiska Blocket ("National Socialist Bloc"), a Swedish National Socialist political party.
In 1910, she married a Swedish Army officer, Nils von Kantzow. Their only child, Thomas von Kantzow, was born in 1913.
Relationship with GöringEdit
In 1920, while she was estranged from her first husband, Carin met Hermann Göring at Rockelstad Castle while she was visiting her sister Mary. Four years younger than she, he was working in Sweden as a commercial pilot for the short-lived airline Svensk Lufttrafik and was at the castle because he had flown Count Eric von Rosen, her sister Mary's husband, there. Göring fell in love with Carin and soon started meeting her in Stockholm, even though, scandalous at the time, she was a separated married woman with a young child. She divorced von Kantzow and married Göring on 3 January 1923.
After their marriage, the Görings first lived in a house in the suburbs of Munich. Carin followed her husband and became a member of the Nazi Party. When Göring was badly injured in the groin while marching alongside Hitler in the failed Beer Hall Putsch in November 1923, Carin took him to Austria, then on to Italy, and nursed him back to health, Carin and Göring's romantic love-story was used by the propaganda machine of Goebbels, and the couple toured around the nation to boost the popularity of the Nazi Party.
Carin suffered from tuberculosis by her early forties. When her mother, Huldine Fock, died unexpectedly on 25 September 1931, it came as a great shock to the 42-year-old Carin. Although her health was still fragile, she went to Sweden for her mother's funeral. The next day, she suffered a heart attack in Stockholm. On the news reaching Göring, he joined her there and stayed with her until she died of heart failure on 17 October 1931, four days before her 43rd birthday.
After her death, Carin's older sister Fanny wrote a biography of her which quickly became a bestseller in Germany. By 1943, it had sold 900,000 copies.
Carin's death came as a great blow to Göring. In 1933 he began to build a hunting lodge, which became his main home, and named it Carinhall in her honour. It was there that he had her body re-interred from her original grave in Sweden, in a funeral attended by Adolf Hitler. Göring filled Carinhall with images of Carin, as he did his flat in Berlin, where he created an altar in memory of her which remained even after he remarried in 1935. Carinhall was demolished on Göring's orders as Soviet troops advanced in 1945.
After World War II, remains believed to be those of Carin were recovered by the Fock family, cremated, and re-buried in Sweden. In 1991, remains were found that could also be Carin's and were sent to Sweden for identification. Evidence suggested that the new remains were hers and were reburied.
- "Carin Göring". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Hermann Göring and Carin Göring". Rockelstad Castle. 2009. Archived from the original on 26 March 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
- Manvell & Fraenkel 2011, p. 43.
- "Biography of Carin Goering with WWII-dated inscription and signature by Nazi Reichmarshal Hermann Goering". History in Ink. 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- Joseph Howard Tyson (2010). The Surreal Reich. iUniverse. p. 295. ISBN 978-1-4502-4019-2.
- Riccini, Elisabeth Braw (14 February 2002). "Carin Göring – Nazitysklands svenska ikon". Populär Historia (in Swedish). Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- Koffmar, Linda (21 December 2012). "Carin Göring's remains identified by researchers at Uppsala University". Uppsala Universitet. Uppsula University. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2013.