Carhuaz was created by law 7951 of December 14, 1934. It is similar to those of the other cities of the Callejón de Huaylas. Its name derives from qarwash which means yellow, that is to say, the color of the retama flowers (broom flowers) that covers the hills that are contiguous to the city.
The zone, located in the right margin of the Santa river, has a moderate and agreeable climate. It also has abundant agricultural products, especially fragrant fruits. In the surroundings, there are propitious places for hunting tarukas, partridges and viscachas, as well as for fishing trout.
At 8 km to the south of Carhuaz the village Marcará is located from where a road of 4 km departs. This road leads to the mineral-medicinal fountains of Chancos which has been dubbed[by whom?] "the Fountain of Youth". Other hot springs are the ones from La Merced and La Providencia.
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