Capture of the Rif (1792)

The Capture of the Rif took place in 1792 and was orchestrated by the Bey of the west, Mohammed el-Kebir, to capture the Rif region in northern Morocco.

Capture of the Rif
Part of Conflicts between the Regency of Algiers and Morocco
Date1792
LocationCoordinates: 35°0′0″N 4°0′0″W / 35.00000°N 4.00000°W / 35.00000; -4.00000
Result Algerian victory
Belligerents
Sultanate of Morocco Deylik of Algiers
Commanders and leaders
Slimane Ibn Mohammed Mohammed el-Kebir
Capture of the Rif is located in Morocco
Capture of the Rif
Capture of the Rif
Location of the Rif in Morocco

BackgroundEdit

Since the late 17th century the Algerians were able to gain possession and recognition of sovereignty over a portion of eastern Morocco around Oujda, initially after a set of victories against the Moroccan Sultan Ismail Ibn Sharif in engagements such as the Battle of Moulouya, and the Siege of Oran in which the Deylik of Algiers and Spain cooperated against Morocco.[1][2][3]

CaptureEdit

In 1792 the Algerians managed to conquer and take control of the Rif region in Morocco.[4][5]

AftermathEdit

Between 1795 and 1798 the Algerians abandoned the Rif region along with the eastern part of Morocco that they had reigned over just before the arrival of an expedition that was sent by the Alaouite Sultan, Mulay Sulayman, to re-capture these regions.[6] The Bey of Mascara put up no resistance, and with the capture of the city in 1795,[7] the border between the Regency of Algiers and Morocco was definitively fixed at Wadi Kiss.[8][9][10][11] which brought an end to the conflicts between the Algerians and Moroccans.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Present-day Morocco - Osmund Hornby WarneAllen & Unwin, 1937 - Morocco - Pg 237
  2. ^ Bulletin économique et social du Maroc, Volume 21, Issues 73-76 Société d'études économiques, sociales, et statistiques, 1957 - Morocco - Pg 74
  3. ^ Martinière, Maximilien Antoine Cyprien Henri Poisson de La; Lacroix, Napoléon (1894). Documents pour servir à l'étude du Nord Ouest africain: réunis et rédigés par ordre de M. Jules Cambon (in French). Gouvernement général de l'Algérie, Service des affaires indigènes.
  4. ^ Morocco in the Reign of Mawlay Sulayman - Mohamed El Mansour Middle East & North African Studies Press, 1990 - Morocco - 248 pages: Pg 104
  5. ^ Boyer, Pierre. "Contribution à l'étude de la politique religieuse des Turcs dans la Régence d'Alger (XVIe-XIXe siècles)." Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée 1, no. 1 (1966): 11-49. p.35. “Le Bey de l'Ouest, Mohammed el-Kebir, rétablit la situation et pénètre même en territoire marocain, prenant Oujda et poussant jusqu'au Rif.”
  6. ^ Pennell, Richard (November 1991). "Mawlay Sulayman - Morocco in the Reign of Mawlay Sulayman. By Mohammed El Mansour. Wisbech, England: Middle East & North African Studies Press, 1990. Pp. xiv+248. £28". The Journal of African History. 32 (3): 526–527. doi:10.1017/s0021853700031649. ISSN 0021-8537.
  7. ^ "OUJDA". Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936). Retrieved 2021-05-16.
  8. ^ Chenntouf et UNESCO 1999, p. 191-206
  9. ^ Schroeter, Daniel J.; Katan, Yvette (1996). "Oujda, une ville frontière du Maroc (1907-1956): Musulmans, Juifs et Chrétiens en milieu colonial. Histoire et Perspectives Méditerranéennes". Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines. 30 (2): 295. doi:10.2307/485177. ISSN 0008-3968.
  10. ^ Cour, Auguste,. (2016). L'établissement des dynasties des Chérifs au Maroc et leur rivalité avec les Turcs de la Régence d'Alger. Saint-Denis: Editions Bouchène. ISBN 2-912946-78-6. OCLC 1153443505.
  11. ^ Chenntouf, Tayeb (1981). "L'évolution du travail en Algérie au XIXe siècle". Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée. 31 (1): 85–103. doi:10.3406/remmm.1981.1906. ISSN 0035-1474.
  12. ^ Morocco in the Reign of Mawlay Sulayman - Mohamed El Mansour Middle East & North African Studies Press, 1990 - Morocco - 248 pages: Pg 104