The Cape May Lighthouse is a lighthouse located in the U.S. state of New Jersey at the tip of Cape May, in Lower Township's Cape May Point State Park. It was built in 1859 under the supervision of U.S. Army engineer William F. Raynolds, was automated in 1946, and continues operation to this day.

Cape May Lighthouse
Cape May Lighthouse
LocationLower Township, New Jersey
Coordinates38°55′58.8″N 74°57′37.5″W / 38.933000°N 74.960417°W / 38.933000; -74.960417
Constructed1823 Edit this on Wikidata
FoundationSurface rock[1]
ConstructionBrick, biegetower, red cupola[1]
Height157 feet (48 m)[1] (165 feet (50 m) above sea level)
HeritageNational Register of Historic Places listed place Edit this on Wikidata
First lit1859; 165 years ago (1859)[1]
Focal height50 m (160 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
LensFirst-order Fresnel lens[1] (original), VRB-25[2] (current)
Range24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi)
CharacteristicWhite, Flashes every 15 sec
Cape May Lighthouse
NRHP reference No.73001090[3]
NJRHP No.998[4]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPNovember 12, 1973
Designated NJRHPJune 15, 1973

Cape May Lighthouse is the third fully documented lighthouse to be built at Cape May Point. The first was built in 1823 and the second in 1847.[1][5] The exact locations of the first two lighthouses are now underwater due to erosion. There are 199 steps to the top of the Lighthouse. The view from the top extends to Cape May City and Wildwood to the north, Cape May Point to the south, and, on a clear day, Cape Henlopen, Delaware, to the west. Within immediate view are Cape May Cove and Battery 223, a harbor defense battery originally built during World War II. Cape May Lighthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 12, 1973.[6]

The Cape May Light is located in Lower Township, but is also a point of identity for Cape May Point as it uses the lighthouse as a logo for municipal-owned vehicles. Mayors of the two municipalities previously had a conflict over in which municipality it was located.[7]

Operation edit

The lighthouse is owned by the state of New Jersey after ownership was transferred from the Coast Guard in 1992, which maintains it as an active aid to maritime navigation. The State of New Jersey leases the structure and grounds to the Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities (MAC).[1] MAC raises funds for the restoration and upkeep of the structure and opens the lighthouse to the public for climbs to the top.[8] MAC has installed interpretive exhibits about the lighthouse's history, the lives of the former lighthouse keepers, and other maritime history of the Jersey Cape for visitors who climb. In 2013, MAC celebrated the 25th anniversary of the opening of the lighthouse to the public for climbs. From its opening in May 1988, over 2.1 million people have paid to climb to the top. Every October, the Cape May Lighthouse is a participant in the New Jersey Lighthouse Challenge, a statewide event.[citation needed]

Design edit

The tower is 157 feet 6 inches (48.01 m) tall, from the ground to the tower's cast iron spiral staircase. There are 217 steps from the ground to the top, with 199 steps in the tower's cast iron spiral staircase. The lighthouse has two separate walls. The outside wall is cone-shaped, and is 3 feet 10 inches (1.17 m) thick at the bottom, and 1 foot 6 inches (0.46 m) thick at the top. The inside wall is a cylinder with 8.5-inch-thick (220 mm) walls which support the spiral staircase. The walls were designed to withstand winds several times above hurricane force.[9] The original revolving lens was manufactured by Henry Lepaute in Paris and has a 6-foot (1.8 m) inside diameter.[10] This first-order Fresnel lens was moved to the Cape May County Courthouse.[5]

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Inventory of Historic Light Stations -- New Jersey". Maritime Heritage Program. National Park Service. 2004-11-05. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
  2. ^ "History of the Cape May Lighthouse". Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Cape May County" (PDF). NJ DEP - Historic Preservation Office. March 1, 2011. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 28, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Inventory of Historic Light Stations--New Jersey--Cape May Light". 2012-11-04. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  6. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cape May Lighthouse". National Park Service. Retrieved September 1, 2018. With accompanying pictures
  7. ^ Degener, Richard. "New Lower Township police cars roll in black and white", The Press of Atlantic City, May 22, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011. Article info and Image caption - Quote: "The department on Thursday unveiled its new emblem featuring a picture of the Cape May Lighthouse, which is located next to Cape May Point State Park, and, like the park itself, is actually in Lower Township. Mayors in Lower Township Cape May and Cape May Point have sparred in years past over claims to the lighthouse."
  8. ^ "About MAC" Archived 2013-10-13 at the Wayback Machine. Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  9. ^ "Structure of the Cape May Lighthouse". Mid-Atlantic Center for the Arts & Humanities. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  10. ^ Tomlin, Charles (1853), Cape May Spray, retrieved 2021-07-28

External links edit