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Canton or Cantonese porcelain is the characteristic style of ceramic ware decorated in Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong and (prior to 1842) the sole legal port for export of Chinese goods to Europe. As such, it was one of the major forms of exportware produced in China in the 18th and 20th centuries.

Canton porcelain
Punchbowl, unidentified maker, China, c. 1765, porcelain - Albany Institute of History and Art - DSC08001.JPG
A Canton Famille rose porcelain punch bowl (c. 1765)
Traditional Chinese廣州
Simplified Chinese广州
Literal meaningGuangzhou colored porcelain
Guangcai
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese广
Literal meaningGZ color

HistoryEdit

Typically, the exportware was made, glazed, and fired at Jingdezhen but decorated with enamels in Guangzhou (then usually romanized as Canton) for export to the west via the Thirteen Factories of the Canton System.[1][2][3] Canton Famille rose in the 19th century was typically decorated with alternate panels of figures and birds, flowers and insects, predominantly in pink and green.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nilsson, Jan-Erik. "Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) Porcelain". www.gotheborg.com. Jan-Erik Nilsson. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b Valenstein, Suzanne G (1989). "A handbook of Chinese ceramics". www.metmuseum.org. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  3. ^ Kjellberg, Sven T. (1975). Svenska ostindiska compagnierna 1731–1813: kryddor, te, porslin, siden [The Swedish East India company 1731–1813: spice, tea, porcelain, silk] (in Swedish) (2 ed.). Malmö: Allhem. pp. 226–230. ISBN 91-7004-058-3. LIBRIS 107047.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Canton porcelain at Wikimedia Commons