Gun crew of the Bofors 37 mm wz.36 AT gun of Polish Army, 1938
1 2 Cannoneers (fuse, ammunition a. charge)
2 Gunner (team leader)
3 Gun pointer (dep. gunner)
4 Loader

"Cannoneer" as a term for an artilleryman dates from the 16th century. As of 2016 the United States Army uses as titles for such a soldier: "13B" (thirteen bravo) M.O.S. (military occupational specialty code), a "cannon crewmember" or "cannoneer" for short. These "artillery-men" support infantry units in training, and on battlefields play an integral part in combat operations ranging from urban to jungle terrains.

An artillery private is known as a Kanonier in German, as a kanonier in historical Polish contexts, as a kanonnier in Dutch, and as a kanonir (Russian: канонир) in historical Russian army and navy contexts; today, these would likely[original research?] be rendered in English as "cannon". Artillery originated for use against ground targets—against infantry, cavalry, fortifications, armor, and other artillery.[citation needed] It can be used in a direct or indirect manner depending on circumstances. It can also be utilized in airborne and air-assault missions.