Canna paniculata

Canna paniculata Ruiz & Pav. is a species of the Canna genus, belonging to the family Cannaceae. Native of southern Mexico, Costa Rica, and tropical South America, except for the Amazon Basin, at 200-2,000m (650-6,500 ft).

Canna paniculata
Canna brasiliensis1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Cannaceae
Genus: Canna
Species:
C. paniculata
Binomial name
Canna paniculata
Synonyms
  • Canna amambayensis Kraenzl.
  • Canna brasiliensis Bouché
  • Canna brasiliensis Roscoe ex Spreng.
  • Canna confusa J.W.Richardson & L.B.Sm.
  • Canna denudata Roscoe
  • Canna denudata var. grandis (Horan.) Petersen
  • Canna denudata var. major Roscoe
  • Canna excelsa Lodd.
  • Canna jacquinii Bouché
  • Canna kunzei Kraenzl.
  • Canna lanuginosa Roscoe
  • Canna linkii Bouché
  • Canna meridensis Kraenzl.
  • Canna miniata Bouché
  • Canna neglecta Steud.
  • Canna ottonis (Bouché) Kraenzl.
  • Canna roscoeana Bouché

It is a perennial growing to 5 m (16 ft) tall. It is hardy to zone 10 and is frost tender. In the north latitudes it is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite.

In addition to the above generally agreed synonyms, there is a major reference (1) to Canna 'Musaefolia', admitting that it was earlier called C. excelsa Lodd., but renamed in France by Monsieur Theodoré Anneé because of its resemblance to Musa.

TaxonomyEdit

In the last three decades of the 20th century, Canna species have been categorised by two different taxonomists, Paulus Johannes Maria Maas from the Netherlands and Nobuyuki Tanaka from Japan, and they are in agreement that this is a distinct and separate species.

Canna paniculata grows to 5 m (16 ft) tall. Leaves green, sessile or shortly but distinctly petiolate, petiole with pulvinus, lower side, lower side of leaves mostly lanuginose. Inflorescence often branched. Flowers erect, red to yellow or scarlet, 6–10 cm (2½-4in) long, composed of 6 coloured parts of about equal length; petals not reflexed; staminode one.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Chaté, E. (1867). Le Canna, son histoire, son culture. Libraire Centrale d'Agriculture et de Jardinage. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Cooke, Ian, 2001. The Gardener's Guide to Growing cannas, Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-513-6
  3. Johnson's Gardeners Dictionary, 1856
  4. Tanaka, N. 2001. Taxonomic revision of the family Cannaceae in the New World and Asia. Makinoa ser. 2, 1:34–43.

External linksEdit