Canavieiras Extractive Reserve

The Canavieiras Extractive Reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras) is a coastal marine extractive reserve in the state of Bahia, Brazil.

Canavieiras Extractive Reserve
Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
Map showing the location of Canavieiras Extractive Reserve
Map showing the location of Canavieiras Extractive Reserve
Nearest cityCanavieiras, Bahia
Coordinates15°39′28″S 38°53′54″W / 15.657668°S 38.898365°W / -15.657668; -38.898365Coordinates: 15°39′28″S 38°53′54″W / 15.657668°S 38.898365°W / -15.657668; -38.898365
Area100,646 hectares (248,700 acres)
DesignationExtractive reserve
Created5 June 2006
AdministratorChico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation

LocationEdit

The Canavieiras Extractive Reserve is divided between the municipalities of Belmonte (2.65%), Canavieiras (11.51%) and Una (0.38%) in Bahia and a strip of coastal waters. It has an area of 100,646 hectares (248,700 acres).[1] The reserve includes 85,000 hectares (210,000 acres) of sea, 12,000 hectares (30,000 acres) of mangroves and 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) of land.[2] The land is flat, rising to no more than 10 metres (33 ft) above sea level. Average annual rainfall is 2,000 millimetres (79 in). Temperatures vary from 20 to 30 °C (68 to 86 °F) with an average of 24 °C (75 °F).[3]

HistoryEdit

The Canavieiras Extractive Reserve was created by presidential decree on 5 June 2006. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[4] It became part of the Central Atlantic Forest Ecological Corridor, created in 2002.[5] It is classed as IUCN protected area category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources). An extractive reserve is an area used by traditional extractive populations whose livelihood is based on extraction, subsistence agriculture and small-scale animal raising. Its basic objectives are to protect the livelihoods and culture of these people and to ensure sustainable use of natural resources.[3]

The deliberative council was created on 3 September 2009. On 16 December 2009 the Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA: National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform) recognised the reserve as supporting 1,300 families, who would qualify for PRONAF support. On 5 December 2015 ICMBio granted the Associação Mãe dos Extrativistas da Reserva Extrativista de Canavieira (AMEX) the right of use for 20 years. A profile of the beneficiary families was published on 5 August 2016.[6]

NotesEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Lamas, Ivana Reis; Crepaldi, Maria Otávia; Mesquita, Carlos Alberto Bernardo (2015), Uma Rede no Corredor (PDF) (in Portuguese), Conservação Internacional (CI-Brasil), ISBN 978-85-98830-28-5, retrieved 2016-10-22
  • Resex de Canavieiras (in Portuguese), ICMBio: Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, retrieved 2016-09-14
  • RESEX de Canavieiras (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-14
  • Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-09-14