Canadian Veterinary Medical Association

The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (abbr. CVMA; French: Association canadienne des médecins vétérinaires, ACMV), founded in 1876, provides leadership on national veterinary issues, advocates for animal welfare, and works to encourage life balance in veterinary professionals.[1][2]

The CVMA publishes two scientific journals: the Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research (Revue canadienne de recherche vétérinaire),[3] a peer-reviewed quarterly publication available online focusing on comparative and veterinary medicine, as well as the Canadian Veterinary Journal (La revue vétérinaire canadienne),[4] a peer-reviewed monthly publication, focusing on scientific articles, regular columns, news, and information about new products.

The CVMA also publishes information about pet care for the public.[5][6]

Veterinary students in Canada are automatically members of the CVMA and are referred to as Students of the CVMA (SCVMA) (Étudiants de l’Association canadienne des médecins vétérinaires, ÉACMV). Each of Canada's five veterinary schools has a student representative who sits on the CVMA's Student committee.[7] Veterinary students can attend an annual symposium in veterinary medicine including lectures and labs.[8] Students can also apply for CVMA scholarships.[9][10]

While veterinary schools in Canada are accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association, licensing exams for Canadian veterinary students are administered by the National Examination Board of the CVMA.

Position statements Edit

As part of CVMA's leadership on veterinary issues, they publish official position statements of national and international veterinary interest intended to serve as guidelines for veterinarians across the country as well as educate the public on the veterinary profession's opinion on various topics. The CVMA has 13 general position statements and 36 animal welfare position statements.

Vaccination Edit

A recent increase in preventable infectious disease in pets has been seen in conjunction with a decrease in vaccinations.[11] The CVMA supports vaccination of animals as preventative medicine to reduce disease risk.[12] Despite this stance, there has been some controversy that veterinarians may be over-vaccinating pets; in response to this criticism, the CVMA maintains that research on longevity of vaccine coverage remains controversial, and vaccination schedules should be developed on an individual basis, depending on exposure risk.[13]

On the issue of the northward migration of the West Nile virus, according to the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association - BC chapter's Dr. John Twidale, chair of the equine committee, stated that though the West Nile virus has been in British Columbia for five years, 2014 saw the first two cases of West Nile virus in two horses in Cache Creek and Ashcroft, and warned horse owners to get their animals vaccinated.[14]

Cosmetic body alterations Edit

The January 2014 position statement reads:

The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) opposes the alteration of any animal by surgical or other invasive methods for cosmetic or competitive purposes.[15]

Provincial veterinary associations had been addressing ear cropping and tail docking with various levels of bylaws or codes of practice banning veterinarians from these procedures. Vets are banned from cropping ears in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia, which in November 2015, citing the position statement of the CVMA[16][17] also decided to ban ear-cropping in dogs.

Following the 2014 CVMA statement, veterinary associations in three provinces have banned vets from performing any cosmetic surgeries: Québec (by the Ordre des médecins vétérinaires du Québec), Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, while the government of Prince Edward Island has passed an Animal Welfare Act also banning all cosmetic surgeries. (Newfoundland was the earliest to ban these surgeries in 1978).

The CVMA also provides specific position statements for sheep,[18] horses,[19] and cattle.[20]

Mental health of veterinarians Edit

The CVMA Task Force on Member Wellness (2010) showed 19% of Canadian veterinarians had seriously contemplated suicide,[21] confirming conclusions of a 2010 British study which found that the suicide rate among veterinarians is four times that of the general population and twice that of other healthcare professions.[22]

Work with public health concerns Edit

With increasing global concern over development of antimicrobial resistance, the CVMA has taken an active role in Canada on the responsible use of antimicrobials.[23][24][25] The CVMA has urged the government for further regulatory changes to provide increased veterinary oversight of antibiotic use in Canada.[26][27] In 2015, the CVMA revised their statement to include a position on use of antimicrobials of high importance in human medicine (VDD Category I to III),[28] stating they should only be used under veterinary oversight with a veterinary prescription. The CVMA, in conjunction with Health Canada and other partner organizations, developed a Therapeutic Decision Cascade for Animal and Public Safety. This document is intended to assist veterinarians in prescribing drugs, including antimicrobials, in a conscientious way for both animals and public health.[29]

In 2014, the CMVA released their Antimicrobial Smartvet App that guides veterinarians through prescribing appropriate antimicrobials for specific bacterial infections in dogs and cats.[30][31]

In Canada two major concerns of ticks are Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). With global warming ticks are found further north and according to the CMVA, pet owners should increase their awareness of ticks on their pets as the prevalence of diseases carried by ticks is on the increase. As the ticks often migrate via birds, pet owners must start their pet maintenance routines in early spring, as soon as the weather passes zero Celsius.[32][33]

References Edit

  1. ^ "CVMA | Mission & Priorities". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-11-08.
  2. ^ Barker, Clifford Albert Victor; Crowley, Terence Allan (1989-01-01). One voice: a history of the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association. Canadian Veterinary Medical Association. ISBN 9780969059011.
  3. ^ "Archive of "Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research"". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  4. ^ "Archive of "The Canadian Veterinary Journal"". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  5. ^[bare URL image file]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2016-03-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "CVMA | Students of the CVMA". Retrieved 2015-12-11.
  8. ^ "CVMA | SCVMA Symposium". Retrieved 2015-11-08.
  9. ^ "Canadian Veterinary Medical Association Award - Canadian Scholarships".
  10. ^ "Canadian Veterinary Medical Association Prize - Canadian Scholarships".
  11. ^ "More Calgary pet owners not vaccinating their dogs". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  12. ^ "CVMA | Documents | Vaccination Protocols for Dogs and Cats - Position Statement". Archived from the original on 2015-09-20. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  13. ^ Griffith-Greene, Megan (October 4, 2013). "Many veterinary bills include 'inappropriate' costs". CBC News.
  14. ^ CLAXTON, MATTHEW (25 August 2014). "West Nile virus hits B.C. horses". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  15. ^ "CVMA | Documents | Cosmetic Alteration – Position Statement".
  16. ^ "Cosmetic ear cropping banned by B.C. veterinarians". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  17. ^ International, Radio Canada (5 November 2015). "Another Canadian province bans cosmetic dog surgery". Radio Canada International. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  18. ^ "CVMA | Documents | Tail Docking of Sheep - Position Statement". Retrieved 2015-11-11. horses,
  19. ^ "CVMA | Documents | Tail Alteration of Horses – Position Statement". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  20. ^ "CVMA | Documents | Tail Docking of Dairy Cattle – Position Statement". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  21. ^ Producer, Western (11 January 2013). "Western Producer". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  22. ^ Bartram, D. J.; Baldwin, D. S. (2010-03-27). "Veterinary surgeons and suicide: a structured review of possible influences on increased risk". Veterinary Record. 166 (13): 388–397. doi:10.1136/vr.b4794. ISSN 2042-7670. PMID 20348468. S2CID 34751267.
  23. ^ "Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Use Initiatives in Humans and Animals in Canada" (PDF). National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council. Retrieved November 11, 2015.
  24. ^ Citizen, Government of Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch (9 October 2014). "Antimicrobial Resistance and Use in Canada: A Federal Framework for Action". Retrieved 2015-11-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  25. ^ Directorate, Government of Canada, Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Veterinary Drugs (6 September 2002). "Uses of Antimicrobials in Food Animals in Canada: Impact on Resistance and Human Health [Health Canada, 2002]". Retrieved 2015-11-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  26. ^ "Antibiotic resistance a growing problem for pets". Global News. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  27. ^ Lewis, Roy (October 2, 2015). "A new decision tree for veterinarians". Canadian Cattlemen.
  28. ^ Directorate, Government of Canada, Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Veterinary Drugs (21 September 2009). "Categorization of Antimicrobial Drugs Based on Importance in Human Medicine - Veterinary Drugs - Health Canada". Retrieved 2015-11-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  29. ^ "Guide To The Professional Practice Standard - Use of Compounded Products in Veterinary Practice" (PDF). December 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  30. ^ "Appidemic: Antimicrobial SmartVet by CVMA - VMD Technology". VMD Technology. Archived from the original on 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  31. ^ "CVMA launches new UTI antimicrobial app! | WSAVA". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
  32. ^ "March is Tick Awareness Month". Transcontinental Media. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-12. Retrieved 2016-03-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links Edit