Campbell Creek (Alaska)

Campbell Creek is one of several streams that flow through the city of Anchorage, Alaska. It runs for 21 miles (34 km) from the Chugach Mountains to the Turnagain Arm of Cook Inlet.[1]

Campbell Creek
Campbell Creek viewed from Old Seward Highway, Anchorage, Alaska.jpg
Campbell Creek looking upstream from the Old Seward Highway bridge, where it passes through a somewhat densely-populated stretch on the southern fringes of midtown Anchorage
Anchorage Watersheds.jpg
Watersheds of Anchorage rivers, with Campbell Creek in gray
Campbell Creek (Alaska) is located in Alaska
Campbell Creek (Alaska)
Location of the mouth of Campbell Creek in Alaska
Native nameQin Cheghitnu
Location
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
MunicipalityAnchorage
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of north and south forks
 • locationLong Lake (North fork),

Williwaw Lakes (Middle fork),

Green Lake (South fork)
MouthTurnagain Arm, Anchorage
 • coordinates
61°07′26″N 149°58′37″W / 61.124°N 149.977°W / 61.124; -149.977Coordinates: 61°07′26″N 149°58′37″W / 61.124°N 149.977°W / 61.124; -149.977
Length21 mi (34 km)
Discharge 
 • locationDimond Blvd near Spenard
 • average68 cu ft/s (1.9 m3/s)
Summertime view of upper Campbell Creek, which passes through the Campbell Tract, a multiple-use area managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
Campbell Creek as it winds through mudflats in between Campbell Lake and its mouth at Turnagain Arm.

The main stem of the creek is formed at the junction of the North and South Forks, which flows in a south-westerly direction through Campbell Lake, before reaching the Turnagain Arm. The watershed of the Campbell Creek includes a number of tributaries, including the Little Campbell Creek, the Lower Campbell Creek, and the Middle Fork.[2]

The creek connects a number of parks, open spaces and lakes to form a green corridor running from east to west through the city. The paved Campbell Creek trail follows the creek for much of its lower course through the areas from Campbell Park to Campbell Lake, over a distance of seven miles.[3]

HistoryEdit

Before English-speaking settlers arrived in Anchorage, the Dena'ina inhabited the area. They called the creek Qin Cheghitnu or Crying Ridge Creek. The Crying Ridge referred to Tanaina Peak in the Chugach Mountains, in the upper reaches of the creek, which was considered to be a place of bereavement.[4]

The European name of Campbell Creek is a derivative of Point Campbell, where the Knik and Turnagain arms of Cook Inlet meet.[2]

UsageEdit

During summer, Campbell Creek is popular for inner tubing and kayaking.[5]

HydrologyEdit

The discharge of the Campbell Creek has been measured by the USGS since 1966. The stream gauge site at the Dimond Boulevard Bridge near Spenard measures flow from an area of 69.7 square miles (181 km2). The mean flow between 1966 and 2013 was 67.7 cubic feet per second (1.92 m3/s), with the lowest daily flow recorded in February 1969 at 2.2 cubic feet per second (0.062 m3/s).[6]

The highest river level recorded occurred in August 1989 with a height of 23 feet (7.0 m) through the gauge, giving a corresponding flow of 1,510 cubic feet per second (43 m3/s).[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Biogeochemical Pathways and Land Use Associations of Potentially Toxic Metals in the Anchorage Watershed, Alaska. ProQuest. 2007. pp. 17–20. ISBN 978-0-549-45629-2.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Campbell Creek
  3. ^ "Campbell Creek". Alaska Trails. TrailLink. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  4. ^ Northon, Cherie (2007). A Cultural and Historical Geography of Campbell Creek, Anchorage, Alaska (PDF). Anchorage Waterways Council.
  5. ^ Lester, Marc (July 14, 2018). "Floating Campbell Creek: An Anchorage waterway draws drifters to a unique urban adventure". Anchorage Daily News.
  6. ^ a b "USGS Campbell Creek" (PDF). National Water Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. 1966–2013. Retrieved 14 February 2016.