Campaign Against Racial Discrimination
The Campaign Against Racial Discrimination (CARD) was a British organization, founded in 1964 and which lasted until 1967, that lobbied for race relations legislation. The group's formation was inspired by a visit by Martin Luther King Jr. to London in December 1964 on his way to Stockholm to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. The Trinidadian pacifist Marion Glean, then a graduate student at the London School of Economics, arranged with Bayard Rustin for King to meet a group of Black spokespersons and activists at the Hilton Hotel, where an ad hoc committee was formed for a movement to "agitate for social justice and oppose all forms of discrimination", with CARD formally being launched at the next meeting on 10 January 1965.
CARD's founding members included Jocelyn Barrow as well as Marion Glean, politician Anthony Lester, London County Councillor David Pitt, historian C. L. R. James, Dipak Nandy and the sociologist Hamza Alavi.
- Peter Barberis, John McHugh and Mike Tyldesley (eds), Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations, London: Pinter, 2000. ISBN 1-85567-264-2 (pp. 111-12).
- Howard Malchow, Special Relations: The Americanization of Britain?, Stanford University Press, 2011, p. 173.
- Terry Coleman, "From the archive, 12 December 1964: Martin Luther King stops off in the UK", The Guardian (UK), 12 December 2014.
- Kalbir Shukra, The Changing Pattern of Black Politics in Britain, London: Pluto Press, 1998, ISBN 0-7453-1465-1 (p. 20).
- Benjamin W. Heineman, Jr. The Politics of the Powerless: A Study of the Campaign Against Racial Discrimination. London: Oxford University Press, for the Institute of Race Relations, 1972.