Calothamnus macrocarpus

Calothamnus macrocarpus is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae and is endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. It is an erect shrub with bright red flowers in spring and large, almost spherical fruit. It has a limited distribution near Hopetoun. (In 2014 Craven, Edwards and Cowley proposed that the species be renamed Melaleuca macrocarpa.)[1]

Calothamnus macrocarpus

Priority Two — Poorly Known Taxa (DEC)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Calothamnus
Species:
C. macrocarpus
Binomial name
Calothamnus macrocarpus
Synonyms

Melaleuca macrocarpa (Hawkeswood) Craven & R.D.Edwards

DescriptionEdit

Calothamnus macrocarpus is an erect shrub with many branches growing to a height of about 2–3 metres (7–10 ft). Its leaves are crowded, 20–30 millimetres (0.8–1 in) long, 1–2 millimetres (0.04–0.08 in) in diameter, cylindrical in shape and taper to a non-prickly point. There are prominent oil glands on the leaves.[2][3]

The flowers are deep red usually in small clusters between the leaves. The petals are 6–8 millimetres (0.2–0.3 in) long, thin, papery and pink to brown. The stamens are arranged in 5 claw-like bundles usually with 26 to 28 stamens per bundle. Flowering occurs from August to December and is followed by fruits which are woody, almost spherical capsules, 13–18 millimetres (0.5–0.7 in) in diameter, which are often hidden in the foliage.[2]

Taxonomy and namingEdit

Calothamnus macrocarpus was first formally described in 1984 by Trevor Hawkeswood in the botanical journal Nuytsia.[2][4] The specific epithet (macrocarpus) is derived from the Greek macros meaning "large" or "long" and carpos meaning "fruit" and refers to the prominently large, almost spherical fruit of this species.[2]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Calothamnus macrocarpus occurs near the summit of East Mount Barren near Hopetoun in the Esperance Plains biogeographic region[2][3] where it grows in sand and soils derived from quartzite.[5]

ConservationEdit

Calothamnus macrocarpus is classified as "Priority Two" by the Western Australian government department of parks and wildlife,[3] meaning that it is poorly known and from only one or a few locations, mostly in reserves or national parks.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Craven, Lyn A.; Edwards, Robert D.; Cowley, Kirsten J. (30 June 2014). "New combinations and names in Melaleuca (Myrtaceae)". Taxon. 63 (3): 666. doi:10.12705/633.38.
  2. ^ a b c d e Hawkeswood, Trevor J. (1984). "Nine new species of Calothamnus Labill. (Myrtaceae: Leptospermoideae) from Western Australia" (PDF). Nuytsia. 5 (1): 146–147. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Calothamnus macrocarpus". FloraBase. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Calothamnus macrocarpus". APNI. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  5. ^ Paczkowska, Grazyna; Chapman, Alex R. (2000). The Western Australian flora : a descriptive catalogue. Perth: Wildflower Society of Western Australia. p. 351. ISBN 978-0646402437.
  6. ^ "Conservation codes for Western Australian Flora and Fauna" (PDF). Government of Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife. Retrieved 28 October 2019.