Caja Navarra

Caja de Ahorros de Navarra or Caja Navarra or CAN was a medium-sized savings bank based in the Navarre province of northern Spain with headquarters in Pamplona. The financial institution broke up in 2012 among allegations of irregularities and failure by the relevant control organ of the Government of Navarre to audit the savings bank for several years.[1] On an yearly basis, UPN's regional Government was handed over a copy-paste, two-page long activity report by Caja Navarra, as revealed in 2014.[2]

Caja Navarra
TypeCaja de Ahorros
HeadquartersPamplona, Spain
Key people
Enrique Goñi CEO
ProductsFinancial services


The bank resulted from the merger of the Caja de Ahorros y Monte de Piedad Municipal de Pamplona (founded by the Pamplona city council in 1872) and the Caja de Ahorros de Navarra (founded by the Provincial Government of Navarre in 1921) on January 17, 2000. In August 1924, the Federation of Basque-Navarrese Savings Banks was established with a view to mutually assisting and progressing together in the face of growing competition from the rising Basque banks. The Savings Banks of Pamplona joined almost immediately in 1925.

On accession of Miguel Sanz to regional office in Navarre (1996), the merger of both traditional savings banks took place to form Caja Navarra. In short time it became one of the three banks that merged to become Banca Civica.[3]

Caja Navarra

The merger came after proposals to form a powerful financial holding within the Basque context put forward by like savings banks in the Basque Autonomous Community failed to materialize. Political objections raised by the Navarrese party in office UPN prevented any moves in that direction.

Banking contextEdit

In Spain, savings banks or cajas are private financial institutions organized as foundations. When they were created, their identifying features were their concern for saving, focus on the poorer classes, concentration in a geographical area, and allocation of a significant part of their profits to community and charity projects.[4]

Under the 26/2013 Act passed by the Spanish Conservative Government that year, all savings banks were required to change their legal status, most of the times into a bank foundation. On its last stage prior to its 2012 disappearance, Caja Navarra developed under Enrique Goñi as CEO.

The Caja Navarra scandalEdit

A series of decisions made during several years led to the crash of the Caja Navarra as a savings bank, and its conversion into a foundation. In the Navarre political arena, mismanagement and obscurantism accusations emerged early on, even before the eventual fall of the financial institution. A parliamentary investigation panel was established in January 2015 to determine possible responsibilities.


  1. ^ "La Cámara de Comptos constata que el Gobierno hizo dejación de funciones al no controlar Caja Navarra". Noticias de Navarra. 13 February 2014. Archived from the original on 15 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  2. ^ "CAN despachaba en dos folios, que repetía cada año, las explicaciones al Gobierno foral sobre su actividad". Noticias de Navarra. 17 June 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-06-17. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  3. ^ Corporate Governance. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2007. p. 436.
  4. ^ Corporate Governance. Vol.7, No.4, 2007. p. 434.