Cabinet de Broglie I (France)

The First Cabinet of Albert de Broglie is the 56th cabinet of France and the fourth of the Third Republic, seating from 25 May 1873[1] to 26 November 1873,[2] headed by Albert de Broglie as vice-president of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs, under the presidency of Patrice de MacMahon.

Cabinet de Broglie I

56th Cabinet of France
Date formed25 May 1873 (1873-05-25)
Date dissolved26 November 1873 (1873-11-26)
People and organisations
PresidentPatrice de MacMahon
Head of governmentAlbert de Broglie
Member parties
Status in legislatureMajority[a]
390 / 759 (51%)
Opposition parties
Election1871 legislative election
PredecessorDufaure II
Successorde Broglie II



After the election of Patrice de MacMahon as president to replace Adolphe Thiers, Albert de Broglie was called to form a new conservative[3] government. It indeed comprised only Legitimists, Orléanists and a small number of Bonapartists, in sharp contrast with the previous Cabinet Dufaure II dominated by republicans.

Initial expectations of the monarchist majority was the continuation of the small steps taken in order to restore once again a King in the country. However, that did not take into consideration the large part of the National Assembly and the population who remained largely republicans.[4]

One of these actions was one that would last. In November 1873, the Assembly voted a seven-year term for the President. It would be retained by the following Fourth and Fifth Republics until 2000, date to which it was replaced by a shorter five-year term.[5] The hope was that the position of President of the Republic was only temporary, a sort of place keeper for the return of a monarch.

The core of the government's policy was the Ordre Moral. Under this doctrine, religious education was reinforced with the goal of fighting republican radicalism and what was seen as bad influence of the Lumières. A number of administrations and high level functions were filled with men loyal to the policy, and the press was monitored. Finally, celebrations related to the republic, such as the 14th of July, Bastille Day or the 22nd of September, anniversary of the First Republic, were banned. The government imposed a heavily conservative and catholic grip on the country.[6]

It is under this cabinet, in July 1873, that was voted the law deciding that the construction of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris would be of public utility. The next day, another law limiting the number of Legion of Honour awarded passed the Assembly.

The cabinet resigned on 26 November 1873, and MacMahon asked de Broglie to form a second cabinet, leading to the Cabinet de Broglie II.[2]


Vice-president of the Council of Ministers : Albert de Broglie
Portfolio[b] Name Took office Left office Party Ref.
Minister of Foreign Affairs25 May 187326 November 1873 Orleanist[1]
Minister of Justice
Jean Ernoul
25 May 187326 November 1873 Legitimist[1]
Minister of Interior25 May 187326 November 1873 Orleanist[1]
Minister of Finance25 May 187326 November 1873 Orleanist[1]
Minister of War25 May 187329 May 1873 Legitimist[1]
29 May 187326 November 1873 Bonapartist[7]
Minister of Navy and Colonies25 May 187326 November 1873 Legitimist[1]
Minister of Public Instruction
Anselme Batbie
25 May 187326 November 1873 Orleanist[1]
Minister of Public Works
Alfred Deseilligny
25 May 187326 November 1873 Orleanist[1]
Minister of Agriculture
Joseph de la Bouillerie
25 May 187326 November 1873 Legitimist[1]
Undersecretary of State
for the Ministry of Interior
Ernest Pascal
25 May 187310 June 1873 Bonapartist[1]


  1. ^ Complementary elections of 2 July 1871.
  2. ^ Order of the list corresponds to the order of appointment.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Government of the French Republic (25 May 1873). "Decree on the composition of the government". (in French). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b Government of the French Republic (26 November 1873). "Decree on the composition of the government". (in French). Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  3. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A. (1875). The American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge, Volume 10. Appleton. p. 800. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  4. ^ Osgood, Samuel M. (1960). French Royalism under the Third and Fourth Republics. Martinus Nijhoff. p. 22. ISBN 978-94-015-0645-8. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. ^ Smith, Paul (2009). The Senate of the Fifth French Republic. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-230-00811-3. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. ^ Porch, Douglas (1981). The March to the Marne: The French Army 1871-1914. Cambridge University Press. p. 12. ISBN 0-521-23883-8. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. ^ Government of the French Republic (29 May 1873). "Decree appointing the Minister of War". (in French). Retrieved 17 March 2020.