CKON-FM is a private radio station located in Akwesasne, a Mohawk nation territory that straddles the Canada–United States border (and also, on the Canadian side, the interprovincial border between Quebec and Ontario). Its licence was issued by the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs and Clanmothers. The station broadcasts on 97.3 MHz and is owned and operated by the Akwesasne Communication Society, a community-based non-profit group. It has a country music format, but also has adult contemporary music during evenings and oldies on Sundays. CKON-FM also strives to play local and nationwide Native artists. CKON-FM broadcasts in English and Kanien'keha, the language of the Mohawks.
|Slogan||Your LIVE & LOCAL Radio Station|
|Frequency||97.3 MHz (FM)|
|First air date||September 29, 1984|
|Format||country music/adult contemporary|
|ERP||3,000 watts (unofficial)|
|Callsign meaning||Reference to "sekon", the Mohawk word for "hello".|
|Owner||Akwesasne Communication Society|
Other programming include an All-Mohawk program hosted by Teddy Peters on featuring native music along with other popular songs of all genre, plus a weekday Mohawk Language Lesson program, after the local news and community announcements.
The call sign CKON is a reference to the Mohawk word "sekon" (or "she:kon"), which means "hello" in English.
While the station uses a call sign that would give the impression of being a licensed Canadian station, according to an article from the Canadian Journal of Communication, it is not, and there is no record of the station being licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), or by the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC). (The call sign CKON is however not listed as an available call sign as of this writing, despite the absence of any other station using that call sign, which may reflect an unofficial acknowledgement of the station by the Canadian government.) As such, official technical information about the station is unavailable; however, the station is reported to use 3,000 watts of effective radiated power, and its transmitter site is reported as being located on the Canadian side of the border, in St. Regis (part of the Quebec portion of the reserve). The building CKON is housed in is located on the Canada-United States border. CKON's tower is located on the US portion of the reserve. The station is licensed by a proclamation from the Akwesasne Mohawk Nation  given via the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs. It is the only radio station in North America operating under the exclusive jurisdiction of an aboriginal government. Its founding board consisted of the following members: Frank David, Brian Cole, Salli Benedict, Lloyd Benedict, Diane Lazore, Doug George-Kanentiio and Francis Boots.
CKON-FM went on the air on October 1, 1984. The station's studios are located in the Akwesasne Communication Society Building; that building is itself on both sides of the international border, with part of it being in Hogansburg, New York, and part of it in Saint Regis, Quebec.
In addition to music and discussion programming, CKON is also the official broadcaster of Cornwall Colts Junior-league ice hockey. It also airs weather updates provided by Plattsburgh, New York NBC affiliate, WPTZ.
- Alexander, D. (1986). Mohawk radio: A nation rebuilds through broadcasting. Fuse, IX(4), 24-27. Available via VIUSpace.
- A LONG Time Ago Archived 2006-10-08 at the Wayback Machine.
- http://www.northcountrypublicradio.org/news/archive.php?id=175 , http://www.inthisplace.org/itp.html .
- Canadian Journal of Communication - Vol. 23, No. 2 (1998)
- Using Call sign input, Available call signs (both links: Industry Canada)
and "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2009-09-24. (United States Federal Communications Commission).
- US Indian Policy 1830-1890, Agrégation Interne d'Anglais 1997
- BMac's Blog - Radio Ramblings & More
The Akwesasne Communications Society was formed in May, 1982. The founding members of the ACS were: Diane Lazore, Francis Boots, Salli Benedict, Lloyd Benedict, Doug George-Kanentiio, Frank David and David Brian Cole. After two years of development Radio CKON went on the air on October 1, 1984 from its temporary facility on Cornwall Island-Kawehnoke. A permanent facility was built in St. Regis-Kanatakon in 1988 with part of the broadcasting studios south of the 45th parallel of latitude (the border between Canada and the US contested by the Mohawk Nation) and the administrative offices north of that line. The ACS building was deliberately constructed as a symbol of Mohawk defiance and communal unity. CKON is the only aboriginal radio station exclusively licensed by a Nation nation.