CCP hf., doing business as CCP Games, is an Icelandic video game developer based in Reykjavík. Novator Partners and General Catalyst had previously collectively owned a majority stake in the company, and in September 2018, CCP was acquired by South Korean video game publisher Pearl Abyss. CCP Games is best known for developing Eve Online, which was released in 2003 and has since been maintained.
|Industry||Video game industry|
Number of locations
Number of employees
|Parent||Pearl Abyss (2018–present)|
CCP Games was founded in June 1997 by Reynir Harðarson, Þórólfur Beck Kristjónsson and Ívar Kristjánsson for the purpose of making MMORPGs. To finance the initial development of Eve Online, CCP Games developed and published a board game, called Hættuspil ("Danger Game"). The game sold more than 10,000 copies to Iceland's 80,000 households. In April 2000 the company, with Sigurður Arnljótsson as CEO, raised $2.6 million, through a closed offering organised by Kaupthing Bank, from private investors in Iceland, including the Icelandic telephone company Síminn. He was with the company from 1999 to 2002 during which time the company raised two rounds of financing and secured a contract with publisher Simon & Schuster. Approximately half of the initial 21 staff were drawn from the Icelandic dot-com company OZ Interactive.
White Wolf Publishing acquisition and CCP North AmericaEdit
On 11 November 2006, it was announced that CCP Games had entered a merger agreement with White Wolf Publishing. With the merge, the combined company planned to produce "the industry's most innovative games leveraging both online and offline systems". While CCP Games looked into creating online games based on White Wolf Publishing's properties, White Wolf Publishing would in turn create card games based on Eve Online. On 3 October 2007, CCP Games announced that CCP North America, a new video game-focused subsidiary, would be setup within White Wolf Publishing's Stone Mountain, Georgia location on 12 October, hiring 100 developers. White Wolf Publishing president Mike Tinney was additionally promoted head of CCP North America. In February 2011, CCP Games announced that intentions to expand the location from their presently 150 positions to 300, and move the studio to new housing in Decatur, Georgia. However, when CCP Games let go 20% of their worldwide staff, most of these layoffs occurred at CCP North America. On 27 February 2012, Tinney stated that he had departed from both operations to focus on his new gaming-and-health startup, UtiliFIT. In December 2013, further 15 people from the World of Darkness Online development team were let go. White Wolf Publishing was acquired by Paradox Interactive on 29 October 2015. The deal comprised an undisclosed all-cash sum for CCP Games, and the company assets of White Wolf Publishing, their intellectual property and the rights to World of Darkness Online for Paradox Interactive.
In late 2011 CCP Games released an announcement to its community admitting that they had made a mistake by releasing the Incarna expansion in its current development stage. In the wake of the Incarna expansion and following a mass protest by EVE-Online players, CCP Games announced that it had decided to prioritise and shift their focus from their World of Darkness MMO back to their EVE-Universe products, EVE Online and Dust 514 respectively. The restructuring resulted in the lay-offs of 20% of CCP Games' staff worldwide. The majority of these lay-offs affected the Atlanta, United States, office, but also affected were several positions in CCP Games' head office in Reykjavík. Even though after considerable downsizing, CCP Games claims that EVE Online and its development is stronger than ever and that the company will continue to grow. CCP Games confirmed that they had moved away from the Incarna/Ambulation project to focus on the core game mechanics and that Incarna may be revisited further down the line.
In October 2011, following a large controversy over its introduction of microtransactions to the game EVE Online, CCP Games announced that it would be reducing its staff. As stated in a CCP Games press release, the layoffs affected about 20% of all worldwide jobs within CCP Games, most in their Atlanta office. These layoffs were mainly of staff related to the development of World of Darkness Online.
On 28 August 2014, CCP Games shut down their San Francisco studio to refocus their efforts on EVE Online. At the same time of the announcement, CFO Joe Gallo and CMO David Reid quit. As of 2015, none of CCP Games' original founders are still with the company.
On 30 October 2017, CCP Games announced they would shutter their Atlanta studio, and sell off their Newcastle studio, affecting approximately 100 employees of the company. The company stated that they would refocus from VR development to PC and mobile game development for the coming two to three years.
Acquisition by Pearl Abyss (2018–present)Edit
Pearl Abyss, the South Korean publisher of Black Desert Online, announced on 6 September 2018 that they had agreed to acquire CCP Games for about US$425 million. CCP's development studios in Reykjavik, London, and Shanghai would continue under CCP Games, while the publishing and marketing functions of CCP would be integrated with Pearl Abyss. The deal is expected to close on 12 October. At the time, CCP Games had 250 employees in its three development studios.
EVE Online is CCP Games' first video game, originally published by Simon & Schuster in May 2003. CCP Games later re-acquired the rights to publish Eve Online and continues to manage it to this day. The core gameplay around Eve Online revolves around player choice and decision, and features a wide variety of activities, such as mining, exploration, industry, factional warfare and piracy. A major design choice is the freedom to do what would be illegal activities, such as scamming for ingame items.
On 18 August 2009, Hilmar Veigar Pétursson announced Dust 514, a new ground-based first-person shooter with real-time strategy elements being developed by CCP Games' Shanghai office. Dust 514 was released for the PlayStation 3 on 14 May 2013. It features a core first person shooter experience, with a high level of customisation. The game was shut down by CCP Games on 30 May 2016.
Eve: Valkyrie is a first-person space combat simulator set in the EVE Online universe for the Oculus Rift on 28 March 2016 and on PlayStation VR on 13 October 2016. It was made available for the HTC Vive on 17 November 2016. In the game, players take the role of an immortal fighter pilot, fighting with teams of other pilots to capture objectives and to defeat the opposing team. As of 26 September 2017 Eve: Valkyrie can now be played without the need for VR.
Gunjack is a virtual-reality arcade shooter released for the Samsung Gear VR on 20 November 2015, the Oculus Rift on 28 March 2016, and the HTC Vive on 5 April 2016. A PlayStation VR version is planned for release in 2016. Players take the role of a turret operator defending a mining operation, set in the EVE Online universe. It gathered positive critical reviews on release.
Gunjack 2: End of ShiftEdit
Gunjack 2: End of Shift is a virtual-reality arcade shooter released for Google Daydream on 8 December 2016. Players take the role of a turret operator defending a mining operation, set in the EVE Online universe.
Project Nova is a class-based first-person shooter for the PC taking place in the Eve Online universe and in development by CCP Games Shanghai. Project Nova will run on Unreal Engine 4 and is intended to focus on the competitive FPS feel as well as focus more on space combat and less on planet combat which is a different focus than Dust 514.
World of Darkness OnlineEdit
In October 2006, CCP Games' chief marketing officer, Magnús Bergsson, stated that Eve would not be the only game to come out of CCP Games. On 11 November 2006 CCP Games and White Wolf Publishing jointly announced that CCP Games would be working on a World of Darkness Online. CCP Games planned to focus on the development of this game from March 2009 onwards. It was scheduled to launch in 2012 at the earliest, but due to problems in Eve Online, several layoffs in 2011 and the planned release of the PlayStation 3 FPS game Dust 514 in the summer of 2013, the launch of the game was delayed indefinitely. On 14 April 2014, CCP Games announced that the game had been cancelled.
Eve: The Second GenesisEdit
Eve: The Second Genesis is a collectible card game set in the universe created for the online game Eve Online. Each player represents the CEO of a corporation, aligned with a particular race, and through exploration, mining, and military strength, their goal is to defeat their opponent chief executive officers.
- Garratt, Patrick (15 June 2007). "10 Years of CCP • Page 2". Eurogamer. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Lien, Tracey (24 February 2014). "Eve: The most thrilling boring game in the universe". Polygon. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Gaming Industry Innovators CCP and White Wolf to Merge". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "EVE Online Dev CCP to Merge with White Wolf (UPDATED)". Shacknews. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Carless, Simon. "EVE Online Creator CCP Merges With White Wolf". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "EVE Online dev merges with White Wolf". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP and...White Wolf? Okay, I didn't see that one coming". arstechnica.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "EVE Online Developer Expands, Opens Atlanta Studio". Shacknews. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Alexander, Leigh. "CCP Opens North American Headquarters". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP president takes off to do startup in games and health". venturebeat.com. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Former CCP exec aims to create a fitness MMO [Updated]". engadget.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "UtiliFit will encourage fitness through gamification". polygon.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Alexander, Leigh. "CCP Gets New Georgia Office, 150 New U.S. Jobs". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP Games expanding US presence, hiring 150 additional staff". engadget.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP Games' Georgia expansion". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Staff, I. G. N. (24 February 2011). "CCP Games Announces Georgia Expansion". ign.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP to reduce headcount by 20% to concentrate on EVE". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP layoffs affect 20% of worldwide staff, company focusing on EVE". engadget.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "CCP US boss Tinney quits for games-health startup – VG247". vg247.com. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "North American president Tinney leaves CCP". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Curtis, Tom. "CCP president Mike Tinney steps down". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Layoffs at CCP's Atlanta office confirmed: World of Darkness development affected". engadget.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Nutt, Christian. "CCP lays off 15 in Atlanta, but World of Darkness MMO continues dev". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Paradox acquires White Wolf IP from CCP – deal includes World of Darkness assets – VG247". vg247.com. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Paradox buys White Wolf, World of Darkness, Vampire: The Masquerade from CCP". pcgamer.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Paradox Interactive acquires White Wolf from Eve Online developer CCP Games". polygon.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Wawro, Alex. "Paradox pays cash to take White Wolf Publishing off CCP's hands". gamasutra.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Paradox Interactive buys White Wolf Publishing". gamesindustry.biz. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Paradox acquires CCP's White Wolf Publishing". mcvuk.com. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Zacny, Rob (19 October 2011). "Layoffs at "overstretched" CCP, World of Darkness team worst hit". PC Gamer. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Grayson, Nathan (21 October 2011). "Interview: EVE Online's Kristoffer Touborg". PC Gamer. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Sinclair, Brendan (28 August 2014). "CCP closing San Francisco office". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Kerr, Chris (6 September 2018). "Pearl Abyss acquires EVE Online creator CCP Games for $425 million". Gamasutra. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
- "Eve Online maker CCP Games sells to Black Desert Online's Pearl Abyss for $425 million". VentureBeat.
- Goldfarb, Andrew (27 April 2013). "Dust 514 Release Date Announced". IGN. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Phillips, Tom (3 February 2016). "Dust 514 will shut down in May". Eurogamer. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Joyce, Kevin (21 April 2016). "EVE Gunjack Confirmed For PlayStation VR". VRFocus. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Lang, Ben (19 November 2015). "Review: 'Gunjack' Sets the Bar for Gear VR Turret Shooters". Road to VR. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Jamie, Feltham (20 March 2017). "Review: Gunjack". VRFocus. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Hillier, Brenna (22 April 2016). "EVE Online's Project Legion replaced with Project Nova". VG247. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Sparc is CCP's first non-Eve game". eurogamer.net. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "EVE Online devs announce Tron-y futuresport Sparc". rockpapershotgun.com. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Reahard, Jef (19 October 2011). "CCP layoffs affect 20% of worldwide staff, company focusing on EVE". Engadget. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Kuchera, Ben (2 May 2014). "Project Legion is a new PC shooter from the people behind Eve Online". Polygon. Retrieved 24 January 2017.