C. Herschel (crater)

C. Herschel is a small lunar impact crater that lies on the western part of Mare Imbrium. It is named after British astronomer Caroline Herschel.[1] It is a circular, bowl-shaped formation that has not undergone significant erosion. The interior floor has the same low albedo as the surrounding lunar mare. To the south-southwest is the similar crater Heis. C. Herschel lies on a wrinkle ridge of the lunar mare named the Dorsum Heim.

C. Herschel
C. Herschel crater 4139 h1.jpg
Coordinates34°30′N 31°12′W / 34.5°N 31.2°W / 34.5; -31.2Coordinates: 34°30′N 31°12′W / 34.5°N 31.2°W / 34.5; -31.2
Diameter13.4 km
Depth1.9 km
Colongitude31° at sunrise
EponymCaroline Herschel
C. Herschel (upper left) cuts across the wrinkle ridge Dorsum Heim in this oblique view from Apollo 17

It was discovered by Karl Ludwig Harding between 1820 and 1924.[2]

Satellite cratersEdit

 
Satellite craters of C. Herschel

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to C. Herschel.

C. Herschel Latitude Longitude Diameter
C 37.2° N 32.5° W 7 km
E 34.2° N 34.7° W 5 km
U 36.2° N 31.5° W 3 km
V 36.4° N 33.5° W 4 km

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "C. Herschel (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. ^ O'Meara, Stephen James (2007-04-12). Deep-Sky Companions: Hidden Treasures. Cambridge University Press. p. 484. ISBN 978-1-139-46373-7.