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C. Herschel is a small lunar impact crater that lies on the western part of Mare Imbrium, and is named after Caroline Herschel. It is a circular, bowl-shaped formation that has not undergone significant erosion. The interior floor has the same low albedo as the surrounding lunar mare. To the south-southwest is the similar crater Heis. C. Herschel lies on a wrinkle ridge of the lunar mare named the Dorsum Heim. About 150 km northwest of C. Herschel are a couple of craterlets named Vasya which is the closest, Nikolai, Slava, Igor, Kostya, Gena, Vitya, Borya, Valera, Kolya, Igor and Albert, its names were officially approved by the IAU in 2012, also in that area was the Luna 17 landing site.

C. Herschel
C. Herschel crater 4139 h1.jpg
Coordinates 34°30′N 31°12′W / 34.5°N 31.2°W / 34.5; -31.2Coordinates: 34°30′N 31°12′W / 34.5°N 31.2°W / 34.5; -31.2
Diameter 13.4 km
Depth 1.9 km
Colongitude 31° at sunrise
Eponym Caroline Herschel

Satellite cratersEdit

 
Satellite craters of C. Herschel

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to C. Herschel.

C. Herschel Latitude Longitude Diameter
C 37.2° N 32.5° W 7 km
E 34.2° N 34.7° W 5 km
U 36.2° N 31.5° W 3 km
V 36.4° N 33.5° W 4 km

ReferencesEdit

  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Blue, Jennifer (July 25, 2007). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". USGS. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.