The arrangement has been used to even out axle loading. The weight distribution of the locomotive depends on the power unit, the engine and generator. If these are not placed symmetrically, the weight distribution is also biased to one end. Placing three axles beneath the engine end and just two beneath the other, with the lighter ancillaries, gives more even loading per-axle.
The British Railways Class 28 is the first (and only) UK locomotive with a Co-Bo wheel arrangement.
A similar wheel arrangement, with five axles across two bogies, is also used in Japan for the Class DE10, DE11, and DE15 locomotives. As these are diesel-hydraulic locomotives, they are of C-B arrangement, not Co-Bo. A hydrodynamic transmission on the locomotive frame is driven by the prime mover, then drive to each bogie is taken by cardan shafts. The axles of each bogie are all driven, and all geared together, rather than having separate traction motors.
- Awdry, Wilbert (1966). Main Line Engines. Gunvor and Peter Edwards.