Burreth, Lincolnshire

Burreth (also occasionally Burgrede)[1] is a now-deserted village in Lincolnshire.

Burreth's entry in the Domesday Book.

Medieval villageEdit

In the late 13th century, the manor of Burreth was held by Robert de Neville, who held it two-thirds from the Earl of Lincoln and one-third from the Bishop of Lincoln.[2] For the purposes of the 1377 poll tax, the village possessed 74 taxable individuals, and it paid £1 4s 8d.[3] Burreth, in what is now the district of East Lindsey in Lincolnshire, was recorded in the Domesday Book and last recorded as extant in 1381. Although the village itself is extinct, its eponymous parish is conterminous with Tupholme. Burreth had a village church dedicated to St Peter[4] and was under the auspices of Tupholme Abbey; the last recorded priest died in 1349 during the Black Death.[5][note 1]

RemainsEdit

 
Distant right lies the site of the medieval village of Burreth

Earthworks and crop marks are visible from aerial photography, as well as a moat, a mound that local legend has as the site of the church, and what Historic England describes as "a confused area to the southeast, probably house steadings but mutilated by surface quarrying". Original stone, pottery and tile of the buildings have been found, including the possible outline of the church, 16 metres (52 ft) by 9 metres (30 ft)[5] Burreth was home to at least one hermit in the 13th century.[7]

Archaeological studiesEdit

The most recent archaeological survey to have been carried out was in 1964, although since then much further ploughing has reduced the searchable area of the village.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although the Black Death is often considered responsible for wiping out medieval villages in England, most, in fact, were damaged by the population loss but not deserted until the 15th century, when enclosures and new farming methods encouraged population movement.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Darby & Versey 2008, p. 233.
  2. ^ Young 1996, p. 54.
  3. ^ Fenwick 2001, p. 37.
  4. ^ Hoskin 2019, p. 142.
  5. ^ a b Historic England 2015.
  6. ^ Dyer & Jones 2010, p. 148.
  7. ^ VCH 2019, pp. 77–80.

BibliographyEdit

  • Darby, H. C.; Versey, G. R. (2008). Domesday Gazetteer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-52107-858-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dyer, C.; Jones, R. (2010). Deserted Villages Revisited. Hertford: University of Hertfordshire Press. ISBN 978-1-90531-379-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Fenwick, C. C. (2001). The Poll Taxes of 1377, 1379 and 1381: Part 2: Lincolnshire-Westmorland. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19726-228-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Historic England (2015). "Burreth". Pastscape. Archived from the original on 5 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Hoskin, P. (2019). Robert Grosseteste and the 13th-Century Diocese of Lincoln: An English Bishop’s Pastoral Vision. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00438-523-8. Archived from the original on 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2020-07-09.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • VCH (2019). "RELIGIOUS HOUSES: Introduction". British History Online. Archived from the original on 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Young, C. R. (1996). The Making of the Neville Family in England, 1166-1400. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-0-85115-668-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 53°12′42″N 0°16′32″W / 53.21167°N 0.27556°W / 53.21167; -0.27556