Bureij (Arabic: البريج) is a Palestinian refugee camp located in the central Gaza Strip east of the Salah al-Din Road in the Deir al-Balah Governorate. The camp's total land area is 529 dunums and in 2005, it had a population of 34,951 with 28,770 registered refugees.
|• Arabic||مخيّم البريج|
|• Also spelled||Breij (official)
|• Type||Refugee Camp (from 1949)|
|• Jurisdiction||529 dunams (0.5 km2 or 0.2 sq mi)|
The camp was established in 1949 with a population of 13,000 Palestinians from the broader Gaza area. A small percentage of the refugees were housed in the British army barracks but the bulk of them were housed in tents. The UNRWA built concrete homes in 1950 to replace the tents.
Most of the refugees today, like those in most camps in the Gaza Strip today, live in densely populated buildings. The camp does not have a sewage system and most waste accumulates in the Wadi Gaza, a stream north of the camp, and as a result poses a health hazard. Most of the camp's water comes from an Israeli water company.
Bureij has six primary and two secondary schools with a population of 9,306 pupils at the end of 2004. All schools are operated by the UNRWA.
Incidents in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
On the night of 28 August 1953 bombs were thrown through the windows of huts in which refugees were sleeping and, as they fled, they were attacked by small arms and automatic weapons. According to Gelber, after one month of Unit 101 starting training "a patrol of the unit  infiltrated into the Gaza Strip as an exercise, encountered [Palestinians] in al-Bureij refugee camp, opened fire to rescue itself and left behind about 30 killed Arabs and dozens of wounded." According to Bishara 43 Palestinian civilians with seven women amongst them were killed, and 22 wounded. The Mixed Armistice Commission report put the total at " 20" killed and twenty-seven seriously wounded and thirty-five less seriously wounded. Unit 101 suffered two wounded soldiers. Ariel Sharon, who had personally led the attack wrote in his report:
- "The enemy opened fire on me from the northwest... I decided that it was better to pass through the camp and slip out the other side than to go back the way I came, because crops, gardens, barbed wire and guards made it difficult to move in that direction... I also decided that offensive action was better than giving the impression that we were attempting to escape... Therefore I invaded the camp with my group."
The raid was heavily condemned by the Mixed Armistice Commission, who called it “an appalling case of deliberate mass murder”, the raid was publicly criticized in the Israeli cabinet by at least one minister. The Mixed Armistice Commission, in an emergency meeting, adopted by a majority vote a resolution according to which the attack was made by a group of armed Israelis. Major General Bennike Chief of Staff of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization stated that it was "probable in view of the fact that a quarter of the Israel complaints during the preceding four weeks referred to infiltration in this area" that the likely explanation was a "ruthless reprisal raid".
On 22 August 1988, Hani al-Shami from Bureij was killed by Israeli soldiers from the Givati Brigade. Maher Mahmud al-Makadma was shot and killed by IDF troops while painting slogans on 4 October 1989. On 20 September 1990, an Israeli soldier in civilian clothes either took a wrong turn into Bureij or broke down and walked into the refugee camp where he was killed by a lynch mob.
On 11 March 2002, a mass round-up of Palestinians took place when tanks entered the Bureij refugee camp killing two people. An IDF raid on 6 December 2002 by Israeli tanks and helicopter gunships led to 10 people being killed. A UN investigation found that eight of those killed in the attack were unarmed civilians. Of those, two were UN employees. On 6 March 2004 an Israeli raiding force was ambushed and came under fire.
An IDF raid on Bureij refugee camp in July 2007 by approximately 10 tanks and two bulldozers backed by helicopters was ambushed by members of Hamas's armed wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades killing an IDF soldier. On 6 October 2007, Israeli forces breaking into the eastern part of the camp with the cover of Israeli aircraft led to armed clashes in the camp.
An extra judicial assassination occurred on 27 February 2008 in the camp. During the Israeli shelling of the Gaza Strip in January 2009 ten people were injured at a UN health centre in the Bureij refugee camp and four people killed with 16 others wounded in a market.
- Bureij Hell Cannon, Syrian Civil War improvised weapon named for the camp
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Deir al-Balah Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- Camp Profiles: Bureij Archived June 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., UNWRA.
- Morris, Benny, (second edition 2004 third printing 2006) The Birth Of The Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-00967-7 p 467
- Dawn Chatty and Gillian Lewando Hundt (2005) Children of Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East Berghahn Books, ISBN 1-84545-120-1 p 257
- Yoav Gelber, 2006, "Sharon's Inheritance" Archived June 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- A lifetime credo, Azmi Bishara, Al-Ahram, 4-10 September 2003 Archived 7 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Benny Morris (1993). Israel's Border Wars, 1949-1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press. p. 256. ISBN 0-19-829262-7.
- UN Doc S/630 Archived February 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. of 27 October 1953
- Noam Chomsky, Donaldo P. Macedo (2004) Chomsky on Miseducation Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN 0-7425-2978-9 p 70-71
- UN Doc A/45/84 dated 26 January 1990 Report of the Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and other Arabs of the Occupied Territories
- Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council: supplement 1989-1992 by United Nations: Department of Political Affairs Published by United Nations Publications, 2008 ISBN 92-1-137030-2 p 789
- Haaretz IDF masses around Gaza refugee camp; 14 Palestinians killed By Amos Harel and Amira Hass 11 March 2002
- Independent Israeli helicopter attack on Gaza kills two UN workers By Justin Huggler in Jerusalem 7 December 2002
- UN Doc E/CN.4/2003/G/20 17 December 2002 Letter dated 10 December 2002 from the Permanent Observer for Palestine to the United Nations Office at Geneva addressed to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Israeli MFA
- Haaretz IDF soldier killed in Gaza; IDF kills armed Palestinian in West Bank By Amos Harel, 12/07/2007
- UN Doc[permanent dead link] A/ES-10/414 S/2008/149 dated 4 March 2008 letters dated 28 February 2008 from the Permanent Observer of Palestine to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council
- BBC Strike at Gaza school 'kills 40' 7 January 2009
- Maan news agency as reported in the Journal of the Turkish weekly Four killed as Israeli forces shell market in Al-Bureij Refugee Camp. 6 January 2009
- Al-Bureij Rehabilitation Society, 7 April 2007.
- A Woman's Centre Takes on Domestic Violence in the Gaza Strip, 14 September, United Nations Population Fund, 2005.
- Bureij, articles from UNWRA
- Welcome To al-Burayj R.C.
Audio and video
- Heavy gunbattles right in the heart of the Bureij refugee camp, BBC News, 6 December 2002.
- Profile: Bureij Refugee Camp Recovering From Most Recent Israeli Incursion in the Gaza Strip, National Public Radio, 3 March 2003.