Lion Books (Japanese: ライオンブックス, Hepburn: Raion Bukkusu) is a 1950s Japanese manga series by Osamu Tezuka. It was published by Shueisha in the Omoshiro Book as a supplement. The same company published Lion Books II in Weekly Shōnen Jump in the 1970s, which would commonly be referred to as The New Lion Books. The series was partially adapted into an experimental anime series in the 1980s and 1990s.

Lion Books
Lion Books-01.jpg
Cover of volume 1 of Lion Books, from the Osamu Tezuka Manga Complete Works edition
(Raion Bukkusu)
Written byOsamu Tezuka
Published byShueisha
MagazineOmoshiro Book
Original runAugust 1956July 1957
Volumes11 (List of volumes)
Lion Books II
Written byOsamu Tezuka
Published byShueisha
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Jump
Original runMarch 22, 1971February 19, 1973
Volumes24 (List of volumes)

1950s manga seriesEdit

There are no continuations or relations between any of the stories.

# Name Original Name Released
1 The Next Human Beings (来るべき人類, Kitarubeki Jinrui) August 1956
2 The Black Space Ray (くろい宇宙線, Kuroi Uchū-sen) September 1956
3 Spaceport (宇宙空港, Uchū Kūkō) Spaceport October 1956
4 Orion No. 137 (オリオン137星, Orion 137 Hoshi) November 1956
5 The Green Cat (緑の猫, Midori no Neko) December 1956
6 Earthquake Predicting Old Lady (恐怖山脈, Kyōfu Sanmyaku) Earth Theater 1 (地球劇場1) January 1957
7 Twin Murder (双生児殺人事件, Sōseiji Satsujin Jiken) Earth Theater 2 (地球劇場2) February 1957
8 The Crazy Border (狂った国境, Kurutta Kokkyō) Earth Theater 3 (地球劇場3) March 1957
9 Multiple-Eyed Devil (複眼魔人, Fukugan Majin) Multiple-Eyed Devil: Part 1 (複眼魔人(前編), Fukugan Majin Zenpen) April 1957
10 Multiple-Eyed Devil: Part 2 (複眼魔人(後編), Fukugan Majin Kōhen) May 1957
11 Skipper Skeleton (白骨船長, Hakkotsu Senchō) June 1957
12 Bullet Hole in the Wilderness (荒野の弾痕, Kōya no Dankon) July 1957

1970s manga seriesEdit

There are no continuations or relations between any of the stories.

# Name Original Name Released
1 Adachi-ga Hara (安達が原) March 22, 1971
2 Mirage (白縫, Hakunui) April 26, 1971
3 Serenade of Pig's Navel (ブタのヘソのセレナーデ, Buta no Heso no Serenāde) May 24, 1971
4 The Closed Classroom (あかずの教室, Akazu no Kyōshitsu) June 21, 1971
5 A Hundred Tales (百物語, Hyaku Monogatari) Wandering (百物語・放浪編) July 26, 1971
6 Osorezan (百物語・恐山編) August 23, 1971
7 Gold (百物語・黄金編) September 27, 1971
8 Usurpation (百物語・下剋上編) October 25, 1971
9 Mosa, the Flying Squirrel (モモンガのムサ, Momonga no Musa) November 22, 1971
10 Collapse (コラープス, Korāpusu) December 27, 1971
11 The Moon and Wolves (月と狼たち, Tsuki to Okami-tachi) January 17, 1972
12 Mother River (おふくろの河, Ofukuro no Kawa) February 14, 1972
13 Mansion OBA (マンションOBA, Manshon OBA) March 20, 1972
14 Color of Full-blown Flower in Spring (春らんまんの花の色, Haru Ranman no Hana no Iro) April 17, 1972
15 Mimigarasu (耳ガラス) Mimigarasu May 15, 1972
16 Dendekoden (でんでこでん) June 19, 1972
17 Seven Men from Outer Space (荒野の七ひき, Kōya no Nana Hiki) July 17, 1972
18 The March Covered with Mud (泥だらけの行進, Dorodarake no Kōshin) August 14, 1972
19 Muse and Don (ミューズとドン, Myūzu to Don) Muse and Don 1: Wicked (ミューズとドン1-妖獣, Myūzu to Don 1 - Yōjū) September 18, 1972
20 Muse and Don 2: Call of Field (ミューズとドン2-野の呼び声, Myūzu to Don 2 - No no Yobigoe) October 16, 1972
21 Muse and Don 3: Timetable of Underground (ミューズとドン3地底の時刻表, Myūzu to Don 3 - Chitei no Jigokuhyō) November 20, 1972
22 The Sweet Smell of Success (成功のあまきかおり, Seikō no Amaki Kaori) December 18, 1972
23 The Distant Planet (はるかなる星, Harukanaru Hoshi) January 22, 1973
24 The Strange School (奇動館, Kidō-kan) February 19, 1973

Anime adaptationsEdit

Two of the stories in the manga were adapted into an experimental anime series titled the Lion Books collection. The original concept was to make 26 new anime episodes and canvass them for sale without any broadcast contract with TV stations.[1] The first adaptation came in 1983 using the story "The Green Cat". It is regarded as the first attempt to produce an original video animation release on October 10, 1983. If the episode was finished independently on October 10, 1983 with no other episodes to follow in production, it very well could have been qualified as the first anime OVA. Because there is uncertainty as to whether the VHS was actually available for sale at the production end date, Dallos is credited to be the first official OVA released by the industry. The Green Cat is known to be screened in the "4th Tezuka Osamu Fan Club Meeting" on October 10, 1983.[2]

The second story "Adachi-ga Hara" was adapted in 1991, and became the only movie in the series to be released to theaters.[3] Four other stories were filled in from non-manga sources.[citation needed] The series was re-released as a DVD on March 21, 2003.[citation needed] It is also available on the streaming service Viki.[4] The five first episodes were directed by Osamu Tezuka himself, while the last, shown at a Hong Kong Film Festival, was the first anime directed by his son Makoto Tezuka.[3]

Story Anime Release
1 The Green Cat (緑の猫, Midori no Neko) October 10, 1983
2 Rain Boy (雨ふり小僧, Amefuri Kozō) December 24, 1983
3 Lunn Flies into the Wind (るんは風の中, Run wa Kaze no Naka) April 13, 1985
4 Yamataro Comes Back (山太郎かえる, Yamataro Kaeru) August 15, 1986
5 Adachi-ga Hara (安達が原) November 16, 1991
6 Akuemon (悪右衛門) July 16, 1993

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Tezuka Info. "Tezuka Info." The Green Cat. Retrieved on 2006-12-12.
  2. ^ Tezuka Accomplishments. "Tezuka Accomplishments." The Green Cat Screening. Retrieved on 2006-12-12.
  3. ^ a b Clements, Jonathan. McCarthy Helen. [2006] (2006). The Anime Encyclopedia: Revised & Expanded Edition. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 978-1-933330-10-5
  4. ^ Japan - TV - Tezuka Lion Book Series "Tekuka Lion Book Series." Retrieved on 2012-09-13.

External linksEdit