Buick Four

  (Redirected from Buick Model 10)

The Buick 4 was a series of passenger cars produced by the Buick Division of GM from 1909 through 1918, and was available as a touring car, phaeton or roadster. It was available with the Buick Model B as a larger alternative offering a larger engine and better durability.[2][3] It became the junior sedan in 1914 when the Buick Six was introduced.

Buick Four
Buick Model 10 tonneau (36605421661).jpg
1909 Buick Model 10
ManufacturerBuick (General Motors)
Model years1909-1918
AssemblyFlint Wagon Works, Flint, Michigan, United States[1]
Body and chassis
Classluxury car
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive[1]
RelatedJanney Automobile[1]
Engine165 cu in (2.7 L) Buick Straight-4 engine OHV
Transmission3-speed synchromesh manual[1]
Wheelbase92 in (2,337 mm)
165 in (4,191 mm)[1]
PredecessorBuick Model B
SuccessorBuick Six


The Model 10 (1908-1910) was equipped with a overhead valve, in-line 165 cu in (2,703 cc) four-cylinder engine developing 40 bhp. The engine was installed in the front, driving the rear wheels through a transmission shaft. The gearbox had three forward gears, with the gearshift lever positioned to the right of the driver. The brake pedal came into contact with the Drum brake on the rear wheels. The Model 10 had a wheelbase of 88 in (2,235 mm) and was offered as a 5 passenger touring car, 4-door landaulet or 4-door sedan, manufacturing 23,100.[1] The Model 10 was an improvement of the previously developed car made by Janney Motor Company and acquired by Buick.[1] The Model 32 (roadster) and Model 33 (touring car) were built in 1911. The only changes were the wheelbases at 89 in (2,261 mm) for the roadster and 100 in (2,540 mm) for the touring car. 1,150 Model 32 and 2,000 Model 33 were manufactured.[1] It had a listed retail price of US$1,000[1] ($27,775 in 2020 dollars [4]).

The Model 34 (short wheel base roadster) 91 in (2,305 mm), Model 35 (long wheelbase touring car) at 102 in (2,584 mm), and Model 36 (long wheelbase roadster) were manufactured in 1912, with 1,400 Model 34, 6,050 Model 35 and 1,600 Model 36.[1]

The 1913 Model 24 roadster replaced the previous Model 34 and 36, while the Model 25 replaced the Model 35 touring sedan, and shared a wheelbase at 105 in (2,667 mm), while the mechanicals were unchanged from previous years, producing 2,850 Model 24 and 8,150 Model 25.[5]

The model designations changed again for 1914, now identified as the B-24 roadster and B-25 Touring sedan, with 3,126 B-24 roadsters and 13,446 B-25 assembled, while the dimensions and mechanical features unchanged, aside from a standard folding windshield.[1]

For 1915, the roadster was the C-24 and the touring sedan was the C-25, manufacturing stayed the same while 3,256 C-24 roadsters and 19,080 C-25 touring cars were built.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kimes, Beverly (1996). Standard catalog of American Cars 1805–1942 (third ed.). Krause publications. pp. 161–193. ISBN 0-87341-478-0.
  2. ^ Georgano, N. (2000). Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. London: HMSO. ISBN 1-57958-293-1.
  3. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950)
  4. ^ 1634 to 1699: Harris, P. (1996). "Inflation and Deflation in Early America, 1634–1860: Patterns of Change in the British American Economy". Social Science History. 20 (4): 469–505. JSTOR 1171338. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Howard Greene, Harold Whiting Slauson (1926). Everyman's Guide to Motor Efficiency. New York: Leslie-Judge Company.

See alsoEdit