Al-Walīd ibn Ubaidillah Al-Buḥturī[1] (Arabic: أبو الوليد بن عبيدالله البحتري التنوخي, romanizedal-Walīd ibn `Ubayd Allāh al-Buhturī) (821–97 AD; 206–84 AH) was an Arab poet born at Manbij in Islamic Syria, between Aleppo and the Euphrates. Like Abū Tammām (ابو تمام), he was of the tribe of Tayy,[2] from the Buhturids.[3]

Buhturi

Al-Walīd ibn Ubaidillah Al-Buḥturī
أبو الوليد بن عبيدالله البحتري التنوخي
A 1967 sketch is poet Buhturi by unknown artist from the book "Min Oyun al-Shi'r"by Naji al-Qashtini
A 1967 sketch is poet Buhturi by unknown artist from the book "Min Oyun al-Shi'r"by Naji al-Qashtini
Born821
Manbij, Bilad al-Sham, Abbasid Caliphate (now Syria)
Died897 (aged 75-76)
Manbij, Abbasid Caliphate
Resting placeManbij
Pen nameAl-Buhturi
OccupationArabic Poet
LanguageArabic
NationalityCaliphate
PeriodIslamic Golden Age
(Abbasid era)

BiographyEdit

While still young, al-Buḥturī visited Abū Tammām at Homs, on whose recommendation the authorities at Ma'arrat an-Nu'man awarded al-Buḥturī an annual pension of 4000 dirhams. Later he went to Baghdād, where he wrote verses in praise of the caliph al-Mutawakkil and of the members of his court. Although long resident in Baghdād, he devoted much of his poetry to the praise of Aleppo, and his love-poetry dedicated to a girl, Aiwa, of that city. He died at Manbij in 897.[2]

He was often compared with the famous poet Abu Tammâm, who was his contemporary and mentor. The poems of al-Buhturî are examples of the classical style in Arabic poetry. He worked as a panegyrist to make a living and gained fame with his panegyrics.

His dīwan (collected poetry) was edited and published twice in the 10th century. First by Abū Bakr al-Ṣūlī, in the section of whose book Kitāb Al-Awrāq (كتاب الاوراق) on Muḥadathūn (modern poets), al-Buḥturī is included among a group of fourteen poets whose dīwans al-Ṣūlī edited and arranged alphabetically according to the final consonant in each line.[4] The second editor arranged his dīwan according to subject (1883, Istanbul). Like Abu Tammam, he made a collection of early poems also known as the Hamasah.[2] These collections of poems are also known as Diwans.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Diwan" (in Arabic).
  2. ^ a b c   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Buhturī". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 762. This references the Biography in McG. de Slane's translation of Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary (Paris and London, 1842), vol. iii. pp. 657 ff.; and in the Book of Songs of Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani, vol. xviii. pp. 167-175.
  3. ^ "Abu Tammam and Al-Buhturi: Revisiting Their Relationship and Role in Modern Arabic Poetry". GeorgeNicolasEl-Hage.com.
  4. ^ Ṣūlī (al-), Abū Bakr Muḥammad b. Yaḥyā (1934). Heyworth-Dunne, J (ed.). Kitāb al-Awrāķ (Section on Contemporary Poets) (in Arabic). London: Luzac.