Buddhist Society of India

The Buddhist Society of India, known as the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha, is a national Buddhist organization in India. It was founded by B. R. Ambedkar on 4 May 1955 in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Ambedkar was the father of the Indian Constitution, polymath, human rights activist and Buddhism revivalist in India. He was first national President of the organization. At a ceremony held on 8 May 1955 in Nare Park, Bombay (now Mumbai), Ambedkar formally announced the establishment of this organization for the spread of Buddhism in India.[1][2] Its headquarter is in Mumbai. Currently Rajratna Ashok Ambedkar, the great grand nephew of B. R. Ambedkar, is the National President of the Buddhist Society of India.

Buddhist Society of India
Formation4 May 1955 (66 years ago) (1955-05-04)
FounderB. R. Ambedkar
Legal statusActive
PurposeSpread of Buddhism
HeadquartersShop No. 2, MMRDA Building, BMC, Station Road, Bhandup (West), at Mumbai, in Maharashtra, India
Area served
Official language
Marathi, Hindi, English
National President
Shri Rajratna Ashok Ambedkar
AffiliationsWorld Fellowship of Buddhists


B. R. Ambedkar studied Buddhism all his life. Around 1950, he devoted his attention to Buddhism and travelled to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) to attend a meeting of the World Fellowship of Buddhists.[3] While dedicating a new Buddhist vihara near Pune, Ambedkar announced he was writing a book on Buddhism, and that when it was finished, he would formally convert to Buddhism.[4] He twice visited Burma (now Myanmar) in 1954; the second time to attend the third conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in Rangoon.[5] In July 1951 he formed the "Bharatiya Bauddha Janasangh" (Indian Buddhist People's Organisation), which became the "Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha" or the "Buddhist Society of India" in May 1955.[6][7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The Buddhist Society of India". www.thebuddhistsocietyofindia.in. Retrieved 2018-11-28.
  2. ^ Rao, Kurukundi Raghavendra; Goswami, Mamani Rayachama; Goswāmī, Māmaṇi Raẏachama; Goswami, Indira; Goswami, Mamani Raisam (1993). Babasaheb Ambedkar. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 9788172011529.
  3. ^ Sangharakshita (2006). "Milestone on the Road to conversion". Ambedkar and Buddhism (1st South Asian ed.). New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. p. 72. ISBN 978-8120830233. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  4. ^ Pritchett, Frances. "In the 1950s" (PHP). Archived from the original on 20 June 2006. Retrieved 2 August 2006.
  5. ^ Ganguly, Debjani; Docker, John, eds. (2007). Rethinking Gandhi and Nonviolent Relationality: Global Perspectives. Routledge studies in the modern history of Asia. Vol. 46. London: Routledge. p. 257. ISBN 978-0415437400. OCLC 123912708.
  6. ^ Omvedt, Gail (17 April 2017). Ambedkar: Towards An Enlightened India. Random House Publishers India Pvt. Limited. ISBN 9789351180883 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Quack, Johannes (2011). Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India. Oxford University Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-0199812608. OCLC 704120510.

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