Budapest–Szolnok–Debrecen–Nyíregyháza–Záhony railway

The railway line from Budapest to Záhony via Szolnok, Debrecen and Nyíregyháza is Hungarian State Railways line 100. It is 335 kilometres (208 mi) in length and is a double-track main line with 25 kV/50 Hz electrification. The northern section, from Nyíregyháza to Záhony, is designated 100b.

Budapest–Záhony railway
Line number100a (Budapest—Szolnok)
100 (Szolnok–Záhony)
Opened1 September 1847
Line length335 km (208 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification25 kV AC Overhead line
Operating speed160 km/h (99 mph)
Nyíregyháza railway station

From Szolnok there is a rail connection to Budapest. The Szolnok - Záhony line has become known for the so-called Fekete vonat (black train) which brings labourers to the capital and has been the scene of fights.[1]



The initial 98-km segment between Pest and Szolnok was built by the Magyar Középponti Vasút (Central Hungarian Railway) and opened on 1 September 1847.[2][3] Construction was interrupted by the 1848-49 war of independence and was resumed by the newly formed Tiszavidéki Vasút (Theiss Railway). The Szolnok - Debrecen segment opened on 25 November 1857 and the segment from Debrecen to Miskolc via Nyíregyháza on 24 May 1859.[2] Since January 1855, the ownership and operations-right of the section Budapest–Szolnok had been obtained by the Imperial Royal Privileged Austrian State Railway Company (StEG) in the association with constructing the section SzegedTemesvár.[4]


  1. ^ Ferenc Szlazsánszky (12 December 2003). "Fekete vonat". Hetek (in Hungarian).
  2. ^ a b László Kovács (1995). Magyar vasúttörténet (in Hungarian). Vol. 1: A kezdettől 1875-ig. Budapest: Közlekedési Dokumentációs Kft. pp. 128 & 150. ISBN 963-552-312-2.
  3. ^ H. Strach (1898) p. 206
  4. ^ H. Strach (1898) pp. 322, 323


  • Heinersdorff, Richard (1975). Die k. und k. privilegierten Eisenbahnen der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie 1828-1918 (in German). Wien / München: Molden. ISBN 3-217-00571-6.
  • Strach, Hermann (1898). Geschichte der EIsenbahnen Oesterreich–Ungarns. Geschichte der Eisenbahnen der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie (in German). Vol. Band 1.1. Wien / Teschen / Leipzig: Karl Prochaska. pp. 73–503.