Bucket handle movement

Bucket-handle is a movement of ribs that results in change in transverse diameter of the thorax.[1]


One of the most important functions of ribs and diaphragm is the change in volume of thorax that helps inspiration and expiration.[2] In general, the ribs move around two axes.[3] As the anterior end of ribs is about 4 cm lower than the posterior end, the middle part of rib is lower than anterior and posterior ends. Movement at costovertebral joints 7 to 10 about an anteroposterior axis results in raising and lowering the middle of the rib, the Bucket-handle movement. In elevation, this increases the transverse diameter of the thorax.[3][4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "28 : The Chest Wall and Pleura". www.oganatomy.org.
  2. ^ Drake, Richard L.; Vogl, Wayne; Tibbitts, Adam W.M. Mitchell; illustrations by Richard; Richardson, Paul (2005). Gray's anatomy for students. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-8089-2306-0.
  3. ^ a b "Chapter 20: The thoracic wall and mediastinum". www.dartmouth.edu.
  4. ^ "Figure 20-7". www.dartmouth.edu.