Btourram or Bterram, Bturan, Beturan (Arabic, بطرام) is a village in Koura District of Lebanon. The population is Greek Orthodox and other confessions.[1]

Inside Bterram

EtymologyEdit

 
Olive field in Bterram

The known meanings of Btourram are the following:

  • in Arabic "wind of the rock" or the rocky wind.
  • "bet" "tur" "ram" means "House of the High Mountain".
  • “beth” “turan” means “the temple” of “Turan” or Astarte (Phoenician/Canaanite Goddess).[2]

Local authoritiesEdit

The municipal council is formed of 12 members headed by Dr. Haytham Serhan. Board members are Mikhael Salem, Elias Malek, John Serhan, George Sarkis, Marcelle Alagha, Ghada Salem, Henri Deeb, Ziad Yazbeck, Assaad Saoud, Souhail Serhan and George Malek. The mukhtar (mayors) are Khalil Salem and Michel Deeb.

Family and educationEdit

Bterram's family names are: Abboud, Alagha, Deab, Fellah, Jabbour, Jarjoura, Kalash, Khawli, Khoury, Makhoul, Malek, Melki, Naser, Salem Saker, Sarkis, Serhan, Sha, Srour, Tannous, Yazbek, Younes...

Some of the most influential people are: Charles Malik, a philosopher and diplomat who was a leading figure in the drafting and adoption of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Elie Salem who held many influential political and academic positions. he was the president of the Balamand University. Btourram has two schools; Khalil Salem School and Universal School of Lebanon.

ArcheologyEdit

 
Bterram Wadi Keoue

In archeology, Btourram is known for its middle palaeolithic site of Keoue [3] and an old underground sanctuary called Eshmunit.[4] Btourram also has one church dedicated to Cosmas and Damian and one monastery dedicated to Virgin Mary. Both date from the Crusades era.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipal and ikhtiyariah elections in Northern Lebanon" (PDF). The Monthly. March 2010. p. 22. Archived from the original on 3 June 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. ^ http://www.bterram.com/history.html
  3. ^ http://keoue.bterram.com
  4. ^ http://eshmunit.bterram.com

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°19′52″N 35°48′36″E / 34.3312°N 35.8099°E / 34.3312; 35.8099