Brussels II Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003, also called Brussels IIA or II bis is a European Union Regulation on conflict of law issues in family law between member states; in particular those related to divorce, child custody and international child abduction. It replaces Convention Council Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000 of 29 May 2000 on the jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and in matters of parental responsibility for joint children. The regulation applies to all EU member states except Denmark.
|European Union regulation|
|Title||Council Regulation concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility, repealing Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000|
|Applicability||all EU Member States, except Denmark|
|Made under||Article 61(c) and Article 67(1) TEC|
|Journal reference||L 338 , 23 December 2003 pp1-29|
|Date made||27 November 2003|
|Came into force||1 August 2004|
|Implementation date||1 March 2005|
The original Brussels II regulation was Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000. It was replaced with Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments which came into force on 1 August 2004 and applies from 1 March 2005 in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility. The revised Brussels II legislation is variously referred to as Brussels II bis or B, or Brussels IIA, or the new Brussels II and repeals the older regulation. Both regulations applied to all EU member states except Denmark.
All member states of the European Union have also become party to the Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Co-operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children, which largely overlaps with this regulation. For cases within the European Union, the regulation takes precedence over the convention. The European Union authorized the signature and ratification of the convention with council decisions 2003/93 and 2008/431 respectively. The authorization was necessary as the European Union and the member states had a shared competence over all matters of the convention and as the convention did not provide for the signature of "Regional Economic Integration Organizations". For Art 16 and 19 see Jefferson v O’Connor  EWCA Civ 38 where Lord Justice Vos ruled that the judge was wrong to order a stay of the proceedings on the basis of the Agreement. He ought to have held that the provisions of article 19 of the Council Regulation were applicable and could not be overridden by the Agreement.
The regulation concerns the jurisdiction responsible for parental responsibility, including the access to the child of the other parent. Jurisdiction is generally conferred to the courts connected to the child's habitual residence. The regulation also specifies procedures regarding International child abduction, and according to its article 60, takes precedence over the Hague Child Abduction convention (to which all EU member states are parties). The jurisdiction and enforcement of maintenance obligations(alimony, child maintenance etc.) fall outside the scope and is governed by the Maintenance directive.
Between 15 April and 18 July 2014 the EU commission had a "Consultation on the functioning of the Brussels IIa Regulation (EC 2201/2003)". The results, where all people who gave their address, were able to join should be published in a few months.
- "Council Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000 of 29 May 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and in matters of parental responsibility for children of both spouses". L (160). Official Journal of the European Union. 30 June 2000. Retrieved 27 May 2018. Cite journal requires
- "Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 of 27 November 2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility, repealing Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000". L (338). Official Journal of the European Union. 23 December 2003. Retrieved 5 January 2019. Cite journal requires
- David Hodson highlights the key provisions of Brussels II bis which came into force on 1 March 2005
- "Convention on parental responsibility and protection of children". European.eu. Retrieved 1 April 2013.