Jean Gracieux (1575–1634), known as (Nicolas) Deslauriers in comedy and Bruscambille in farce, was a comedian at the Hôtel de Bourgogne theatre in Paris during the early 17th century. He may have given his name to the historical French card game of Brusquembille whose rules are known from the early 18th century.[1]


Gracieux was born in 1575 in Champagne and died in 1634. He began in farce at the beginning of the 17th century and was renowned for his salacious prologues full of inimitable amphigouri.

In his facetious prologue, Bruscambille, never fails to do it again: the public at the Hôtel de Bourgogne anticipate the appearance of the comedian with farce that [...] delicately opens the mouth as wide as the entrance to a banal oven.[2]

His works include:[3]

  • Prologues tant sérieux que facétieux (1610) ;
  • Fantaisies (1612) ;
  • Nouvelles et Plaisantes Imaginations (1613) ;
  • Facétieuses Paradoxes (1615) ;
  • Bigarures sentencieuses (1622) ;
  • Bons Mots.

These various pieces were compiled in the "Œuvres de Bruscambille" edited in Paris by David Gilles in 1619.

He chose the pseudonym, "Bruscambille" when performing farce, and that of "(Nicolas) Deslauriers" (or "Des Lauriers") for his comedy acts.


He was noted for saying "Baste! Comedy is a life without worries and sometimes without six sous."


  1. ^ Parlett 1991, p. 281.
  2. ^ Mazouer 2006, p. 48.
  3. ^ Gilles 1619.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBouillet, Marie-Nicolas; Chassang, Alexis, eds. (1878). Dictionnaire Bouillet (in French). Missing or empty |title= (help)


  • Gilles, Davie (1619). Œuvres de Bruscambille. Paris.
  • Howe, Alan (1986). Bruscambille, qui était-il?. pp. 390–396.
  • Mazouer, Charles (2006). Le théâtre français de l'âge classique. 1. Paris: Champion.
  • Parlett, David (1991). A History of Card Games. Oxford: OUP.

External linksEdit

  • "Bruscambille". Archived from the original on 2007-10-07. Retrieved date de dernière consultation à indiquer après contrôle du lien. Check date values in: |access-date= (help).