Bruno Ange-Marie Amoussou (born 2 July 1939) is a Beninese politician who was President of the National Assembly of Benin from 1995 to 1999 and Minister of State for Planning and Prospective Development under President Mathieu Kérékou from 1999 to 2005. He is currently a Deputy in the National Assembly. As the long-time leader of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), Amoussou stood as a presidential candidate in 1991, 1996, 2001, and 2006.
Amoussou was born in Djakotomey in south-western Benin. In the 1991 presidential election, he received 5.8% of the vote and fourth place, therefore failing to qualify for the second round. Following the March 1995 parliamentary election, he was elected as President of the National Assembly on 12 June 1995. During his political career, his support was locally concentrated in his native southwest, but it was sufficient to enable him to be a consistent player on the political scene during the 1990s and 2000s. He placed fourth in the March 1996 presidential election with 7.8% of the vote; along with third-place finisher Houngbédji, Amoussou backed Kérékou against President Nicéphore Soglo for the second round of the election, and Kérékou was victorious.
Amoussou was re-elected to the National Assembly in the March 1999 parliamentary election, but on 29 April 1999, he was defeated in his bid for re-election as President of the National Assembly by Adrien Houngbédji in a parliamentary vote, despite being the favored candidate of Kérékou for the position. Amoussou received 38 votes against 45 for Houngbédji. Under Kérékou, Amoussou was appointed as Minister of Development and Planning in 1999. The PSD held its first ordinary congress in early 2000, and Amoussou was elected as the party's President.
In the first round of the March 2001 presidential election, he placed fourth yet again with 8.6% of the vote, but participated in the runoff when the second- and third-placed candidates, Soglo and Houngbédji, withdrew from the race. Running against heavily favored incumbent Kérékou, to whom he had previously given his support for the second round, Amoussou received nearly 16% of the vote. By providing token opposition to Kérékou after the President's most important opponents decided to boycott the vote, he gave the outcome a limited measure of legitimacy that it would have otherwise lacked. He remained Minister of Development and Planning until 2005.
In the March 2007 parliamentary election, Amoussou and the PSD participated in the Alliance for a Dynamic Democracy, and Amoussou was again elected to a seat. Afterwards he was again a candidate for President of the National Assembly, losing to Mathurin Nago of the Cauris Forces for an Emerging Benin in a vote on 3 May 2007. Amoussou received 34 votes, while Nago received 45.
Amoussou resigned as PSD President on 22 January 2012. In the April 2015 parliamentary election, he was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of the Union Makes the Nation coalition in the 11th constituency.
He has used the campaign slogan, "He knows the country."
- Benin government page on former presidents of the National Assembly[permanent dead link].
- Willéandre Houngbedji, "Bruno Amoussou: Vaincre ou périr!" Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, L'Araignee, 3 March 2006 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- Elections in Benin, African Elections Database.
- Africa Review (1997), page 12.
- Jennifer C. Seely, The Legacies of Transition Governments in Africa: the Cases of Benin and Togo (2009), Palgrave Macmillan, page 158.
- Samuel Decalo, "Benin: First of the New Democracies", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), page 61, note 21.
- Results of the 1999 parliamentary election Archived 6 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine, bj.refer.org ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- Benin, Year in Review: 1999, Britannica.com.
- "Benin: Social Democratic Party congress ends, new leaders elected", Radio Benin, 1 February 2000.
- "Benin finally votes for president", CNN, 22 March 2001.
- Angus Reid Global Monitor page on 2006 election.
- "Rejecting appeal, government sets poll for 19 March", IRIN, 18 March 2006.
- Alain C. Assogba, "Conclave à Cotonou hier : L’Add passe à l’offensive (Elle veut constituer sa propre majorité)", La Nouvelle Tribune, 6 April 2007 ‹See Tfd›(in French). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Proclamation des résultats des élections législatives du 31 mars 2007", BeninInfo.com ‹See Tfd›(in French). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Benin : Mathurin Nago elected Parliament speaker"[permanent dead link], African Press Agency, 3 May 2007.
- "Election du bureau de l’Assemblée nationale : Comment Yayi Boni a gagné le perchoir", Le Matinal, 4 May 2007 ‹See Tfd›(in French). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 May 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Sulpice O. Gbaguidi, "L’inoxydable Amoussou" Archived 11 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, fraternite-info.com, 10 August 2009 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- " Assemblée nationale/6ème législature:Liste complète des 83 députés proclamés élus par la Cour", Le Matinal, 13 May 2011 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- "Communiqué du Psd sur la démission d’Amoussou Bruno", La Nouvelle Tribune, 26 January 2012 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- Yao Hervé Kingbêwé, "Législatives : liste complète des 83 députés selon la CENA", La Nouvelle Tribune, 2 May 2015 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
- "Amoussou Bruno - Il connait le pays". Library of Congress Africa Pamphlet Collection - Flickr. Retrieved 11 May 2014.